CRCT Study Guide - Georgia Department Of Education

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Criterion-Referenced Competency TestsGeorgiaGrade 5CRCTStudyGuideReadingEnglish/Language ArtsMathematicsScienceSocial Studies2703920-W

Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.

Table of ContentsUsing the CRCT Study Guide1About the CRCTOverview of the CRCTWhat is the CRCT?What does the CRCT measure?How are CRCT questions scored?2Preparing for the CRCTTest-Taking StrategiesRelated Links4Chapter 1ReadingReading Skills and Vocabulary AcquisitionLiterary ComprehensionInformation and Media LiteracyPractice QuizSolutions10Chapter 2English/Language ArtsGrammar/Sentence ConstructionResearch/Writing ProcessPractice QuizSolutions28Chapter 3MathematicsNumber and OperationsMeasurement and Data AnalysisGeometryAlgebraPractice QuizSolutions44Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.

Chapter 4ScienceEarth SciencePhysical ScienceLife SciencePractice QuizSolutions68Chapter 5Social ractice QuizSolutions84Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.

Using the CRCT Study GuideThis Study Guide focuses on the knowledge and skills that are tested on theGeorgia Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests (CRCT). It is designed forteachers to use with their students and for parents to use with their children.Go to www.gadoe.org/ to find further information about and support forthe CRCT.The following section of this guide, “About the CRCT,” contains an overview ofthe CRCT and test-taking strategies to review with your students.–The content tested on the CRCT is based on Georgia’s state-adoptedcurriculum, which describes what all students should know, understand,and be able to do.The chapters of this guide are organized by subject. In each chapter you canexplore the skills needed to succeed in a specific tested domain (grouping ofsimilar content standards). The subject chapters include a snapshot of eachdomain, instructional Activities that address covered skills, and a PracticeQuiz with annotated Solutions to help assess student progress.This document is intended as a student resource. Photocopying is allowed asneeded for student use.Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 1 of 106

About the CRCTOverview of the CRCTWhat is the CRCT?The grade 5 CRCT is a state-mandated achievement test that measures thesubject areas of Reading, English/Language Arts, Mathematics, Science, andSocial Studies.What does the CRCT measure?The CRCT is designed to measure student acquisition and understanding ofthe knowledge, concepts, and skills set forth in the Common Core GeorgiaPerformance Standards (CCGPS) for Reading, English/Language Arts, andMathematics and the Georgia Performance Standards (GPS) for Science andSocial Studies.The tests accomplish the following:–––Ensure that students are learningProvide data to teachers, schools, and schooldistricts so they can make better instructional decisionsProvide data for use in Georgia’s accountability measures and reports.CRCT results measure the academic achievement of students, classes,schools, school systems, and the state. This information can be used toidentify individual student strengths and weaknesses or, more generally,to measure the quality of education throughout Georgia.How are CRCT questions scored?The CRCT currently uses only selected-response (multiple-choice) questions.There are four choices for each question, labeled A, B, C, and D.Students are not compared to each other. They are measured on theirachievement in meeting the standards. Scores are reported accordingto three performance levels: Does Not Meet the Standard, Meets theStandard, and Exceeds the Standard. For more information, go to the CRCTwebsite t/Assessment/Pages/CRCT.aspx.Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 2 of 106

About the CRCTOverview of the CRCTSince the spring of 2006, performance on the Reading portion of the CRCThas been linked to the Lexile Framework for Reading. Visit t/Assessment/Pages/LexileFramework.aspx for more information on this national reading measure.Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 3 of 106

About the CRCTPreparing for the CRCTTest-Taking StrategiesWeeksBeforethe TestSet academic goals with students for the upcoming weeksand months (short and long term). Write down and poststudents’ goals where they can be seen at least once a day.Help students gather study materials ahead of time.Set up a place to work that is free of distractions.Build in time to review what was learned in the last study session.Divide assignments into manageable chunks. Studying for a longtime non-stop is not productive!Model and have students mark the main idea of each paragraphwith a pencil as they read. This will help them focus on whatthey are reading.Have students ask questions that arise while they are studyingand encourage them to find the answers.At the end of each study session, review what they have learned.Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 4 of 106

About the CRCTPreparing for the CRCTDay Beforethe TestRemind students to get a good night’s rest.Remind students that they can talk to a teacher or parentif they are feeling nervous about the test.Assure students that this test is only one measureof their knowledge.Duringthe TestRemind students of the following strategies to use during the test:Relax by taking slow, deep breaths.Read the directions carefully. Make sure you understandwhat you need to do. If you are not sure, ask the teacher.Read each question carefully.When you use scratch paper, make sure that you copythe problem correctly from the test onto your paper.You can underline and make marks on your test to helpyou while you work, but the only answers that will be scoredare those in the correct locations on your answer sheet.Fill in the corresponding circle fully when you chooseyour answer. Erase any marks outside of the circle.Use your time wisely. Leave a question blank if youare unsure of the answer, then return to it at the end.Don’t spend too much time on one question.Be sure to answer all of the questions.Review your answers when you have finished the test.Try to stay calm during the test. This is a chance for youto show what you know. Do the best you can!Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 5 of 106

About the CRCTPreparing for the CRCTRelated LinksBelow are links to important resources that contain information relatedto the CRCT.CCGPS/GPS Resources:www.georgiastandards.orgCRCT Content and-Assessment/Assessment/Pages/CRCT.aspxCCGPS/GPS Frameworks:www.georgiastandards.orgLexile Framework for pyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 6 of 106

The Study Guides are intended to serve asa resource for parents and students. Theycontain a few activities and short practicequizzes for each content area. They also provideteachers an additional tool for student practice.The standards identified in the Study Guidesaddress a sampling of the state-adoptedcurriculum. For the purposes of day-to-dayclassroom instruction, teachers should consultthe wide array of resources that can be found atwww.georgiastandards.org.Since different students have different strengthsand needs, the activities in this Study Guidecan be scaffolded for students who need moresupport, extended to challenge advancedstudents, or presented as is (with appropriatemodeling) for grade-level students.Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 7 of 106

Copyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.

ReadingCopyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.

Chapter 1ReadingStudents in Grade 5 expand and deepen the concepts, skills, and strategieslearned in earlier grades. Grade 5 students read and comprehend texts froma variety of genres (fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama) and subject areas(math, science, social studies, and English/language arts), and they make newconnections as they encounter new ideas and begin to study subjects in moreformal ways.The Reading activities focus on some of the concepts that are assessed on theGrade 5 CRCT Reading domains. These domains are as follows:n Reading Skills and Vocabulary Acquisitiono Literary Comprehensionp Information and Media LiteracyCopyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 10 of 106

Chapter OneReadingActivitiesn Reading Skills and Vocabulary AcquisitionCommon Core Georgia Performance Standards ELACC5.L.4 and ELACC5.L.5Within the Reading Skills and Vocabulary Acquisition domain, students learn avariety of skills to read and interpret difficult text. Students will determine themeaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases by using contextclues and applying their knowledge of common, grade-appropriate Greek andLatin affixes and roots as clues to the meaning of a word. Students will consultreference materials (e.g., dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses), both print anddigital, to find the pronunciation and determine or clarify the precise meaningof key words and phrases. Students will also demonstrate an understanding offigurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meaning. Studentswill recognize and explain the meaning of common idioms, adages, and proverbs,as well as use the relationship between particular words (e.g., synonyms,antonyms, homographs) to better understand each of the words.The following activities develop skills in this domain:–To reinforce students’ knowledge of words with multiple meanings, hold aWord Auction. Write words that have two or more meanings on index cards.(See the table below.) Hold one word up at a time in front of students.Working in small groups or pairs, students will race against each other tothink of as many different meanings of the word as they can. They will write adifferent sentence for each meaning of the word, and the student who comesup with the most meanings first will get the sale. If the word on the card isrun, act as the auctioneer and call out: Do we have one sentence for the wordrun? Going once, going twice one sentence . Students who have at least onesentence should raise their hand. If a lot of hands go up, continue calling out,Do we have two sentences for the word run? Do we have three sentences?etc., until the highest bid is reached. Do not declare, Sold! until students readtheir sentences to prove they have used the different meanings of the ght 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 11 of cktricktripwatchwind

Chapter OneReading–To familiarize students with dictionary entries, play Match My Word. Writeadvanced vocabulary words on individual index cards. Then write or paste theprinted definitions on separate index cards. Scramble the cards and passthem out. Students will walk around the room and engage each other inconversation as they try to find the match for their word or definition.Students with definition cards might say, My word can be a verb or a nounand can mean,, or. If alternate word choices areprovided in their definitions, they might also say, Another way to say my wordis. Students who have a word card might say, My word is.I think it means. Once students find their partners they should sitdown together and create a sentence with their word. At the end of thesentences they should indicate which part of speech they used. For example,if their word is estimate and they write the sentence, The woman will estimatethe charges, they should specify that they used estimate as a verb.–To develop students’ understanding of common Greek and Latin roots, createtree diagrams. Present students with a list of Greek and Latin root words andtheir meanings (see tables below). To show students how to start a treediagram, draw the trunk of a tree and write one of the root words at thebottom. Draw branches that lead away from the trunk. On each branch write adifferent word that shares the root word. If the root word is port, which meansto carry, the tree branches would be lined with words such as import, export,portable, transport, portal, and porter. Students should choose a root wordand create their own tree diagram posters. They can use the Internet ordictionaries to search for words that contain specific roots. As students readthe words’ definitions, they will see how each root influences the meanings ofthe words that contain it.Greek Rootsaer: aircosmo:universehyder: water nym: namesphere: ballagog: leadercycl: wheelhyper: over, phe/phem:beyondto speakst/sta/stat: tostandarch: rulerderm: skinhypo: below, phil: lovebeneathtechn: art, skillaster/astr: star eco: houselogo: word,reasontele: farauto: selfgram: lettermeter/metr: photo/phos:measurelightbio: lifegram: thingwrittenmicro: small pod/pus: feet trac/tract: topullchron: timegraph: writing mono: onephon: soundtherm: heatscope: viewing zoo: animalinstrumentCopyright 2013 by Georgia Department of Education.All rights reserved.Page 12 of 106

Chapter OneReadingLatin Roots–ann/enn: year duct: to leadjus/jud/jur: law rupt: to breakterr: landaud: to hearfac: to do, tomakelum/lus/luc:lightscope: seevert/vers: toturnbene: well,goodflec/flex: tobendman