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THE ARMY’S OFFICIAL PROFESSIONAL BULLETIN ON SUSTAINMENTAPRIL-JUNE 2020WWW.ALU.ARMY.MIL/ALOGReadiness Is PerishableTechnical Expert, Not ExecutiveA Sustainment Warrant Officer’s RoleDeployment ReadinessIncludes EmploymentKnow Your JobAn Interview with Sergeant Major of the ArmyMichael GrinstonBridging Echelons Above BrigadesPB 700–20–02 Headquarters, Department of the Army Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

52BRIDGING ECHELONS ABOVEBRIGADESLogistics from the SustainmentEnterprise to Tactical SustainmentOperations at the National TrainingCenterBy: Brig. Gen. David Lesperance and Maj.Adam Bolliger5844305864"Mobilizing,deploying,and sustaininga globallyengagedArmy requiressynchronizationand integrationacross theentire materielenterprise toeffectivelymove troopsand equipmentat scale andspeed."WHAT SIZE IS THE RIGHT SIZE?By: Chief Warrant Officer 4 BrandonLaMotheREADY PEOPLE, READY ARMY:An Interview with Lt. Gen. CharlesFlynnCONTENTSBy: Arpi Dilanian and Matthew Howard4AMC COMMANDERMateriel Enterprise Is the Foundationfor Building Army Strategic Readiness5ARMY G-4Readiness Is PerishableBy: Lt. Gen. Duane A. Gamble73036By: Maj. Gen. Rodney Fogg10By: Lt. Gen. Thomas A. Horlander14COLLABORATION,COMMUNICATION, ANDCOOPERATION:An Interview with Retired Gen.Ann DunwoodyBy: Arpi Dilanian and Matthew HowardAn Interview with Sergeant Major ofthe Army Michael GrinstonBOUNDING FORWARDFocus on Sustaining an MLRSBattalion in a Contested EnvironmentDEPLOYMENT READINESSINCLUDES EMPLOYMENTEmployed Troops Essential toStrategic ReadinessCHANGING TO SUPPORT 21STCENTURY WARFAREThe U.S. Army Finance & ComptrollerMilitary Profession69By: Col. Ronnie Anderson, Maj. RichMartinez, and Capt. Eli Rothblatt40FORCE PROJECTIONPort Diversification GeneratesStrategic ReadinessIMPROVING SUPPLY SUPPORTACTIVITY OPERATIONS3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team,1st Armored DivisionBy: Lt. Col. Charles Montgomery745G TECHNOLOGYImproved Capabilities Enable JointLogistics for the Future Joint ForceBy: U.S. Army Maj. Michael "Mic" J. Martin,U.S. Air Force Maj. Stacey R. Kidd, andU.S. Navy Lt. Cmdr. Christopher B. LandisBy: Maj. Jack H. Benford, Capt. Peter V.Christensen, and 2nd Lt. Pake DavisCASCOMPeople First: Preparing OurSustainment Leaders for GreatPower CompetitionKNOW YOUR JOBBy: Sgt. Maj. Edward A. Bell,Arpi Dilanian, and Matthew HowardBy: Gen. Gustave "Gus" Perna80NATIONAL MAIL CALL:Army Keeps the Mail MovingBy: Jim Harvey84UNDERSTANDING THECONTRACTING ENVIRONMENTIN THE AFSBBy: Capt. Christopher CarlstedtGen. Gustave "Gus" PernaBy: Maj. Gen. Stephen E. Farmen44BUILDING A 10-20 FLEETEnable Readiness and Lethality witha Deliberate Leader DevelopmentMethodologyBy: Maj. Allen Trujillo20TECHNICAL EXPERT, NOTEXECUTIVE:A Sustainment Warrant Officer's RoleBy: Maj. Gen. Rodney Fogg and ChiefWarrant Officer 5 Jonathan Yerbyii 24April-June 2020 Army SustainmentU.S. Marines wait as U.S. Army Vessel SP4 James A. Loux (LSV-6), a logisticssupport vessel, prepares to unload vehicles onto the pier in the United Arab Emiratesduring Native Fury 20 training exercise, March 14. Native Fury 20 is a recurring jointexercise to strengthen relationships and interoperability between the U.S. and theUAE military forces. (Photo by Spc. Travis Teate)[email protected] Building Strategic Readiness iii

APRIL-JUNE 2020VOLUME 52, ISSUE 2MEMBERSARMY LOGISTICS UNIVERSITYMaj. Gen. Rodney D. Fogg (Chairman)Michael K. WilliamsLt. Gen. Duane A. GambleWilliam R. StanleyLt. Gen. Paul A. OstrowskiCol. Brent D. CoryellLt. Gen. Edward M. DalySTAFFLt. Gen. Thomas A. HorlanderGregory E. JonesCommander, Combined Arms Support CommandREAD ARMY SUSTAINMENTONLINEFor current and pastissues of ArmySustainment ProfessionalBulletin, go toWWW.ALU.ARMY.MIL/ALOGDeputy Chief of Staff, G-4, Department of the ArmyPrincipal Military Deputy to the Assistant Secretary of theArmy for Acquisition, Logistics, and TechnologyDeputy Commanding General, Army Materiel CommandMilitary Deputy for Budget to the Assistant Secretary of theArmy for Financial Management and ComptrollerLt. Gen. R. Scott DinglePresidentCivilian DeputyCommandant/Military DeputyEditorAmy N. PerryAssociate EditorArmy Surgeon GeneralStevi L. AntoshEX OFFICIOSarah LanciaAssistant EditorBrig. Gen. Douglas M. McBride Jr.Visual Information SpecialistQuartermaster GeneralBrig. Gen. Heidi J. HoyleAPRIL-JUNE 2020Chief of OrdnanceWWW.ALU.ARMY.MIL/ALOGBrig. Gen. Jered P. HelwigChief of TransportationCol. Stephen K. AitonCommander, Army Soldier Support InstituteMaj. Gen. Paul H. PardewCommanding General, Army Contracting CommandReadiness Is PerishableTechnical Expert, Not ExecutiveA Sustainment Warrant Officer’s RoleDeployment ReadinessIncludes EmploymentKnow Your JobAn Interview with Sergeant Major of the ArmyMichael GrinstonBridging Echelons Above BrigadesThis medium is approved for the official disseminationof material designed to keep individuals within theArmy knowledgeable of current and emerging developments within their areas of expertise for the purposeof enhancing their professional development.By Order of the Secretary of the Army:Brig. Gen. Michael J. TalleyJAMES C. McCONVILLECommanding General, Army Medical Research andDevelopment CommandOfficial:General, United States ArmyChief of StaffKATHLEEN S. MILLERAdministrative Assistantto the Secretary of the ArmyON THE COVERA Soldier in the California ArmyNational Guard (CANG) preparesan M-878 truck to convoy duringOperation Patriot Bandoleer 2018, heldat Military Ocean Terminal Concord,Calif., March 2, 2018. Operation PatriotBandoleer is an ongoing training missionthat CANG coordinated with ArmyMateriel Command, Army SustainmentCommand, and Military SurfaceDeployment and Distribution Commandto facilitate multicomponent integrationof the transport of munitions throughoutthe continental United States. (Photo byEben Boothby)2010003PB 700–20–02VOLUME 52, ISSUE 02APRIL-JUNE 2020Army Sustainment (ISSN 2153–5973) is a quarterly professional bulletin published by the Army Logistics University,2401 Quarters Road, Fort Lee, VA 23801-1705. Periodicalspostage is paid at Petersburg VA 23804-9998, and at additional mailing offices.Mission: Army Sustainment is the Department of theArmy’s official professional bulletin on sustainment. Its mission is to publish timely, authoritative information on Armyand Defense sustainment plans, programs, policies, operations, procedures, and doctrine for the benefit of all sustainment personnel. Its purpose is to provide a forum for theexchange of information and expression of original, creative,and innovative thought on sustainment functions.Disclaimer: Articles express opinions of authors, notthe Department of Defense or any of its agencies, and do notchange or supersede official Army publications. The masculine pronoun may refer to either gender.2 April-June 2020 Army SustainmentPHONE: 804-765-4754 (DSN 539-4754)[email protected]: WWW.ALU.ARMY.MIL/ALOGReprints: Articles may be reprinted with credit to ArmySustainment and the author(s), except when copyright isindicated.Distribution: Units may obtain copies through theinitial distribution system (DA Form 12 series). Privatedomestic subscriptions at 30.00 per year and international subscriptions at 42.00 per year are available byvisiting http://bookstore.gpo.gov. Subscribers should submit address changes directly to Army Sustainment (seeaddress below). Army Sustainment also is available athttp://www.army.mil/armysustainment.Postmaster: Send address changes to:EDITOR ARMY SUSTAINMENT/ALU/2401QUARTERS RD/FT LEE VA 23801-1705.Army Sustainment is seeking articles ontechniques, tactics and procedures; emergingtrends; lessons learned; and other experiences.The editorial staff from Army Sustainment isseeking submissions from the community.As with all content submitted to ArmySustainment, it should be sustainment focused, provideprofessional development information, and should notcontain any classified or sensitive information.Submissions should be well-developed narrativearticles and can be opinions, techniques, tactics andprocedures (TTPs), lessons learned, exploration ofnew technologies or emerging trends, or other similarcontent of a valuable nature to fellow sustainers.General public affairs style coverage or contenton units, exercises, initiatives and events that do nototherwise hold additional professional developmentvalue are typically not as strong as those submissionsthat offer real, actionable sustainment information.The topic for the October-December 2020 issue ofArmy Sustainment is Modernizing Sustainment.Articles on the subject should answer some ofthese questions:How will enterprise-wide reform affect day-to-dayoperations of sustainers? How does the sustainmentcommunity tie into the Army’s modernizationstrategy? What do the various sustainment units of2028 look like? All submissions should be reviewedfor operational security, and should contain noclassified information.While the editorial staff here at Army Sustainmentdo conduct our own review and editorial process andhave authority to approve content submitted to us forpublic release, we recommend at least some basicprofessional coordination between the submittingauthor and their organization’s public affairsor public information office, especially for U.S.personnel working in NATO or other multinationalorganizations.Army Sustainment chooses new topics for eachbulletin and accepts contributions from the sustaiment field. Check out our social media, including ourpage on Facebook, to learn about upcoming topics.Find more information: [email protected] Building Strategic Readiness 3

are not only operational, but functioning effectively and seamlessly tosupport mobilization efforts.Deploy By Gen. Gustave "Gus" PernaWhile our combat troops havealways been thefoundation ofour Army, our strategic advantage hasbeen our ability to mobilize, deploy,and sustain our force—what Chiefof Staff of the Army Gen. JamesMcConville has described as strategic readiness. From mobilization operations and deployment, to sustainment in the field and redeployment,Army sustainers and logisticianshave a significant role in building anddelivering Army strategic readiness.MobilizeStrategic readiness starts with mobilization operations on our Armyinstallations. Army sustainers andlogisticians are critical to ensuringbarracks, motor pools, maintenancefacilities, Supply Support Activities,and Logistics Readiness Centers4 April-June 2020 Installations are also the foundation of our strategic power projection capability, which enables usto deploy our people and equipmentrapidly and efficiently. Our railheads,roads, airfields, and ports are how weget to the fight. Our enemies knowthe best way to defeat the greatestArmy in the world is to stop it fromever leaving its own territory. Wemust ensure the critical infrastructure that moves our force from fort toport, port to port, and port to foxholeis not only ready today, but modernized to support next generationplatforms, and secure to withstandcyber or physical threats. We mustalso continue to build the skills andreinforce the critical infrastructurethat comprises our strategic powerprojection capability to move evenmore equipment, more quickly.SustainSoldiers cannot fight and win onthe battlefield without weapons tofire, tanks to drive, food to eat, andthe logistics support to ensure thosenecessities get to the right place atthe right time. For that reason, sustaining the force, from the industrial base to the battlefield, is alsoa key tenet of strategic readiness.Our end state is ensuring the rightcommodities are already in placeArmy SustainmentAMC COMMANDERReadiness Is Perishablewhen commanders and their Soldiers need them, and frontline Soldiers never have to wait on logisticians to catch up to their movements.To help accomplish this, we will relyon logistics information to see ourselves across the entire materiel enterprise. We must be able to leverage our enterprise resource planningsystems for critical data that allowscommanders and logisticians tomake predictive, real-time, and informed decisions.deployment to Haiti in responseto the devastating earthquake thatkilled 300,000 people. At the time,the Army was engaged in rotational,forward operating base, theater-provided equipment, and Logistics CivilAugmentation Program (LOGCAP)enabled deployments in both Iraq andAfghanistan; operational and tacticalreadiness peaked but strategic readiness atrophied. Mobilizing, deploying, and sustaining a globally engaged Armyrequires synchronization and integration across the entire materiel enterprise to effectively movetroops and equipment at scale andspeed. We cannot rely on IndustrialAge processes and systems to deliver Army readiness. We must ensureour resources—not just funding,but time, people, and infrastructureare aligned and precisely executedto build strategic readiness today.From weight to size and ease ofmobility to cyber, we must be considering the factors that impact ourability to mobilize, deploy, and sustain our force, and modernize accordingly now. Every sustainer hasan essential role in building andmaintaining strategic readiness.Gen. Gustave "Gus" Perna is commandinggeneral, Army Materiel Command, Redstone Arsenal, Ala.ARMY G-4Materiel Enterprise Is the Foundation forBuilding Army Strategic ReadinessBy Lt. Gen. Duane A. GambleTFor Haiti, we were unprepared toproject power at the speed of war andunprepared to sustain a brigade in ourown hemisphere, with no enemy. TheArmy airdropped Meals Ready-ToEat to sustain a brigade combat team(BCT) conducting humanitarian assistance missions because we couldnot efficiently and effectively deliver rations via ship to an island 800miles away.he most importantphrase I have my G-4team focused on likea laser right now is:strategic readiness. That’s our ability to project and sustain our troops,anywhere in the world, in a harsh andaustere c