Middlesex County, New Jersey - Government Of New Jersey

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County Chartbookof Social & Health IndicatorsMiddlesex County, New JerseySubmitted by:Division of Addiction ServicesNew Jersey Department of Human ServicesJune 2005DAS - DHS

ACKNOWLEDGMENTSWe wish to gratefully acknowledge the contribution of public agencies for providing us witharchival data on which this study is based. The selection of indicators, the collection andpresentation of data, and the specific notes on interpretations are the work of the Division ofAddictions Services (DAS), New Jersey Department of Human Services (NJDHS).We also thank Carolann Kane-Cavaiola, (Assistant Commissioner, DAS/NJDHS), DonaldBusch (Executive Assistant, DAS/DHS), Debra Fulcher (Program Officer SAMHSA/CSAT) andall members of the Office of Policy Development (DAS/NJDHS) for their guidance, patience andcontinued support of this project.Reported by:Allison Gertel-Rosenberg, M.S.Program ManagerOffice of Policy DevelopmentDivision of Addiction ServicesNJ Department of Human ServicesYohannes Hailu, Ph.D.Office of Policy DevelopmentDivision of Addiction ServicesNJ Department of Human ServicesThis Chartbook was developed under grant No. GUR1 TI13432-03-3 from the Substance Abuseand Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA), U. S. Department of Health and Human Services(HHS). The views, policies, and opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflectthose of SAMSHA, or HHS.ii

Table of ContentsAcknowledgments.iiTable of Contents.iiiIntroduction . 1Report Organization.2Chapter OneState Profile of Social IndicatorsPopulation Profile .5Mortality Data: Mortality attributable to alcohol and drugs .13Criminal Justice Data: Alcohol and drug crime indicators.18Substance Abuse Treatment Admissions Data .23Supplemental Indicators .27Chapter TwoCounty Profile of Social IndicatorsIntroduction. 29General Profile of Middlesex County . 30Population Distribution by Age and Ethnicity. 31Drug and Alcohol Attributable Death by Gender & Race . 32Alcohol Related Crime . 33Drug Related Crime . 34Substance Abuse Admissions by Sex, Age, Race & Ethnicity. 35Substance Abuse Admissions by Modality of Care. 36Supplemental Indicators. 37Appendices:Appendix A: Population profile of New Jersey counties. 39Appendix B: Alcohol and drug attributable Mortality Data by counties. 49Appendix C: Alcohol and drug attributable crime by counties . 55Appendix D: Treatment admissions data by counties: . 68Appendix E: Glossary of terms, Data Source & References . 71iii

IntroductionAssessing the well-being of community health through social indicators has been a longstanding concern to the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT). To meet this objective,CSAT has encouraged the use of social indicators to assess social and health risks related tosubstance misuse in order to inform policy makers. Recently, CSAT convened a group to draft aroad map for such studies in the form of a “Social Indicators Core Protocol” to be used by states.Following the social indicators core protocol guidelines provided by CSAT, the Division ofAddiction Services (DAS) developed this Chartbook of substance abuse related social and healthindicators in the state of New Jersey. Enhancements to the Social Indicators Core Protocol arepresented in the “Social Indicator Supplemental Studies” to provide a more comprehensive pictureof treatment needs assessment at the county level.The Social Indicators Chartbook is intended to identify health problems directly orindirectly related to substance use and to aid in the assessment of needs for treatment services.This is achieved, in part, by using the key social indicators outlined in the core protocol by CSAT,and by identifying risk and protective factors affecting health outcomes. Summary analysis of thecore indicators is presented using census data, mortality data, criminal justice data and substanceabuse treatment admissions data. An adaptation of the “Communities That Care Survey”instruments originally developed by the Developmental Research Group of the University ofWashington in Seattle (Hawkins, Catalano and Miller, 1992) was used to identify supplementalindicators. The supplemental indicators provide additional social, economic and health indicatorsrelated to the four domains of risk and protective factors (community environment, familystructure, school involvement, and individual/peer group initiation of problem behaviors). Thespecific objectives of the Chartbook are to: Present an objective profile of each county and the State using key social indicators relatedto substance abuse. The Chartbook incorporates indices of core indicators based onhistorical data sources on population, mortality, crimes arrests, and substance abusetreatment admissions. In addition, supplemental indicators of risk and protective factorsthat affect health outcomes are presented for each county and the State.Show the effect of substance use and related health consequences in New Jersey’s countiesand the State.Provide information to support needs assessment and prevention, as well as treatmentplanning, at community levelData SourcesData for the social indicators core protocol and supplemental studies are obtained fromarchival sources published by the U.S. Bureau of the Census and New Jersey governmentalagencies, including the Departments of Human Services, Health & Senior Services, Education, andLaw and Public Safety. Data are also obtained from DAS’ Alcohol & Drug Abuse Data Systemand from DAS-sponsored needs assessment surveys. An outline of the data sources used in thisstudy is attached in Appendix E.1

Report OrganizationThe Chartbook has three sections including The State Profile, County Profiles and TheSupplemental Studies of social indicators. Selected indicators are displayed using thematic maps,charts and tables accompanied with brief descriptive text. The maps display patterns of specifichealth indicators of each county and the tables provide recent, as well as trend, data on selectedindicators.The State Profile and the County Profiles contain the four indicators listed in the CSATCore Protocol. These are indicators of population characteristics, substance abuse related mortality(e.g., drug related and alcohol related mortality), criminal justice cases (alcohol and drug relatedcrime), and alcohol and drug treatment admissions by modalities and by primary and secondarydrugs of abuse (alcohol, heroin, cocaine/crack, marijuana and other drugs).The Supplemental Indicators are grouped according to the risk and protective factordomains identified in the “Communities That Care Survey.” They are organized according to thefour major domains of the risk and protective factors. These are: (1) Community Environment; (2)Family Structure; (3) School Involvement; and (4) Individual/Peer Group Initiation of ProblemBehaviors. It also includes the following selected social indicators that are relevant for treatmentneeds assessment: County Summary Data Table: This table presents an overview of some of the basicindicator variables for the year 2000 - Population, Area, Median Household Income,Unemployment Rate, Total Crime Rate/1,000 population, Percent of High SchoolGraduates, Percent of College Graduates, Married Parents/1,000 births, TeenageBirths/1,000 births, and Birth weight 2,500 grams/1,000 births.Population by Age: This chart presents the distribution of the population by age groups – 12 years, 12-17 years, 18-24 years, 25-34 years, 35-64 years, and 65 years and over.Drug Treatment Data: This chart presents the distribution of the drug treatment admissionsby type – Alcohol, Heroin, Crack & Cocaine, Alcohol with drug, Marijuana, and OtherDrugs.Crime Rates: This chart presents the Violent Crime Rate, Non-violent Crime Rate andDomestic Violence Rate for each municipality.Drug and Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Arrests: Here the Drug and DUI Arrests arepresented by type – Marijuana, Opium & Cocaine, Synthetic Drugs, Other Drugs, and DUI.Selected Demographics Characteristics Table: This table presents the population andpoverty rate distribution by race/ethnicity – White alone, Black alone, Native Americanalone, Asian alone, Pacific Islanders alone, Other alone, and 2 races.Mothers by Prenatal Care: This chart presents the data on when prenatal care began for themother. The four categories shown are: First Trimester, Second Trimester, Third Trimesterand No care/No Statistics.A complete set of tables regarding data on social and health indicators for each county isprovided in the Appendices. A short glossary of terms listed in Appendix E defines key technicalterms.2

New Jersey APE MAYN3003060 MilesNew Jersey Department of Human Services, Division of Addiction Services, Office of Policy & Development3

Chapter OneState Profile of Social and Health Indicators Population ProfileMortality Data Attributable to Alcohol and Drug AbuseCriminal Justice Data: Alcohol and Drug Crime IndicatorsTreatment Admissions DataSupplemental Indicators4

Population ProfileIntroductionThis section describes the population characteristics of New Jersey in order to provide a contextfor analyzing and interpreting the social indicators that have potential effects on health status,treatment needs and type of treatment services provided. Population characteristics are offundamental importance in estimating prevalence rates or in age-adjusting data when comparingindicators across counties. Data on population change, gender, age, race and ethnicity are obtainedfrom the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses. As listed in item 1 below, the populationcharacteristics of New Jersey and its counties are displayed in the main body of this document.Population data by counties, as listed in item 2, are included in Appendix A.1. General Profile of Census Population Data & Population estimates Population Distribution (1980-2000)Population GrowthRegional Distribution of Population (1950-2000)Age StructurePopulation Distribution by AgePopulation Distribution by Age and GenderPopulation Distribution by Race/Ethnic Composition2. Specific Population Data & Population Estimates by Counties in Appendix A. County Population Size and Change, 1990-2010County Population by Age, 2000-2010County Population by Gender, 2000County Population by Race/Ethnicity, 20005

Population Growth, New Jersey (1980-2000)Population Profile, 2000N e w J e r s e y C o u n tie s192116Age Distribution: 0-11 year old 12-17 years old 18-64 years old 65 years & overRace/Ethnicity CompositionOne race White African American Native Indian. Asian OtherTwo-or-more RacesHispanic or 12236.72147208Total population:Density / Sq. MileMedian age:Total Population1990200016.69 %7.96 %62.12 %13.23 %97.5%72.6 %13.6 %0.2 %5.7 %5.4 %2.5 %13.3 %Percent ChangeDensity/Sq.Mile20001980-1990 1990-20001 Atlantic194,119224,327252,55215.612.64552 Bergen843,385825,380884,118-2.47.13,7713 Burlington362,542395,066423,3949.07.25174 Camden471,650502,824508,9326.61.22,2925 Cape May6 053146,4383.96.12907 Essex851,304778,206793,633-8.62.06,2278 Gloucester199,917230,082254,67315.110.77769 ,776121,98923.413.228410 Hunterdon11 Mercer307,863325,824350,7615.87.71,55212 Middlesex595,893671,780750,16212.711.72,41213 Monmouth503,173553,124615,3019.911.21,30514 Morris407,630421,353470,2123.411.61,00015 Ocean346,038433,203510,91625.217.980216 Passaic447,585453,060489,0491.27.92,54717 Salem64,67665,29464,2851.0-1.518318 Somerset203,129240,279297,49018.323.897419 Sussex116,119130,943144,16612.810.127420 Union504,094493,819522,541-2.05.85,07721 Warren84,42991,607102,4378.511.8283New Jersey7,365,0117,730,1888,414,35065.0 %8.9 %1,122

Population GrowthNew JerseyPopulation in ThousandsDensity/Sq.Mi. (2000)180 - 500501 - 1,5501,551 - 3,7703,772 - 6,2206,2281 - 03.13,0003.02,0002.91,0002.80Percent of US PopNew Jersey Population, 1940-2000Population Density, New Jersey - 2000Overall Density 1,122 People / Sq. M i.2