Skype Connect Requirements Guide

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Skype Connect Requirements GuideVersion 4.0Copyright Skype Limited 2011

Thinking about implementingSkype Connect? Read thisguide first.Skype Connect provides connectivity between your business and the Skype community.By adding Skype Connect to your existing SIP-enabled PBX, your business can save oncommunication costs with little or no additional upgrades required.This guide aims to help you understand the technical requirements of Skype Connect andto determine whether you need to make any equipment or infrastructure changes withinyour business to be able to use it.For more information on setting up and using Skype Connect, please see the SkypeConnect User Guide.Page 2Skype Connect Requirements Guide

Contents1.0 What you need to use Skype Connect: Page 42.0 Skype Connect features and restrictions: Page 62.1 Features : Page 62.2 Restrictions : Page 73.0 System requirements : Page 84.0 Technical considerations : Page 94.1 Avoiding Quality of Service issues : Page 94.2 Avoiding voice problems : Page 104.3 Simultaneous channel capacity : Page 114.4 Impact on existing data traffic andinfrastructure : Page 114.5 Preparing your network to use TLS andsRTP : Page 124.6 Geographic redundancy : Page 134.7 Local Area Network (LAN) and InternetConnectivity : Page 145.0 Key steps summary : Page 156.0 Post-implementation tips : Page 167.0 Skype Connect support : Page 178.0 Checklist : Page 18Page 3Skype Connect Requirements Guide

1.0 What you need to useSkype ConnectBefore using Skype Connect, you need the following: Skype Manager Skype’s business products, including Skype Connect, can be conveniently managedfrom Skype Manager where you can create SIP Profiles for your Skype Connectservice. If you require inbound calling, you can add business Skype accounts andOnline Numbers. If you require outbound calling, you can allocate Skype Credit. Youcan also set up Caller ID and view reports, all in one place.To find out more about Skype Manager, please see the Skype Manager User Guide.To find out more about using Skype Connect within Skype Manager, please see theSkype Connect User Guide. A Skype Connect certified SIP-enabled PBX or gatewayWe recommend that you use a Skype Connect certified SIP-enabled PBX as we cannotguarantee all features will operate correctly in non-certified PBXs when used withSkype Connect. Alternatively, if you do not have a SIP-enabled PBX, a Skype Connectcertified gateway can be installed directly on your outside line so you don’t need tore-configure your PBX.For the current list of Skype Connect certified SIP-enabled PBX and gateway vendors,please see An internet connection with sufficient bandwidth to handle your voice trafficThis can be either a shared connection or dedicated connection, depending on yourbusiness requirements. An internet connection of suitable quality for internet voice communicationsYour internet connection should provide less than 200ms Round Trip Delay betweenyour business LAN and can check the suitability of your internet connection by checking the RoundTrip Delay (RTD) from your business network (LAN) to Skype Connect. To do this, trysending a ping to and note the average time shown in the ping results. Publicly reachable IP AddressIf your SIP-enabled PBX is located on a private network behind a NAT firewall or router,you can still use Skype Connect. To do this, you should select the SIP registrationmethod of authentication when creating the SIP Profile.Alternatively, you can use a static IP address if your SIP PBX does not supportregistrations or you do not wish to use the registration method of authentication. To dothis, you should select the IP Authentication method when creating the SIP Profile.Page 4Skype Connect Requirements Guide

A means to pre-pay for Skype productsAs a pre-pay offering, you will need to be able to buy and Auto-recharge Skype Credit.A number of payment methods are available, including: PayPal account Credit or debit card Bank wire transferA full list of the payment methods that are available can be found at you sign up for Skype Manager, you are given a purchase limit that determinesthe maximum amount of Skype Credit you can purchase in one go. The range ofpayment methods available to you is also limited. To access a wider range of paymentmethods, or to increase your purchase limit, you will need to get your companyverified. For more information on how to get your company verified, please see theSkype Manager User Guide. Traditional fixed line telephone connectivityAccess to a broadband internet connection is required. Skype is not a replacementfor traditional telephone services and cannot be used for emergency calling. SkypeConnect is meant to complement existing traditional telephone services used with acorporate SIP-enabled PBX, it is not a stand-alone solution. Skype Connect users needto ensure all calls to emergency services are terminated through traditional fixed linetelephone services, connected to the local exchange, or through other emergencycalling capable telephone services.Page 5 Skype Connect Requirements Guide

2.0 Skype Connect features andrestrictions2.1 Features Skype Connect supports the SIP registration and IP Authentication method, dependingon what your SIP-enabled PBX supports and your company's security policy. The maximum number of simultaneous channels you can use for Skype Connect isrestricted to 300 per SIP Profile. However, you can have as many SIP Profiles as youlike (if your PBX supports it). All outbound calls are charged at Skype Connect’s standard rates and call costs aredebited from your SIP Profile’s credit balance. However, if you call the US a lot, youmay save on your calling by adding US calling minute bundles.Each bundle includes a monthly allowance of 5,000 minutes to call landlines andmobiles in the US. If your minutes run out before the next renewal date, calls to theUS will be charged from your SIP Profile's available Skype Credit balance at SkypeConnect's standard call rates.Important: The number of US minute bundles you add to your SIP Profile cannotexceed the number of channels you have added to the SIP Profile. You can add an unlimited number of business Skype accounts to a SIP Profile toreceive calls from Skype users worldwide. Skype calls to the Skype Name of thatbusiness Skype account will be directed to the SIP Profile and the associated SIPenabled PBX.A Skype button using the Skype Name of that business account can be created andplaced on, for example, your company’s website, so that customers with Skype cancall your SIP Profile using Skype for free. Your company is therefore immediatelyconnected to millions of registered Skype users worldwide.In addition, if the business Skype account has any Online Numbers allocated to it,then calls to those Online Numbers will also be received in your SIP-enabled PBX.This potentially offers you the option to create DID (Direct Inward Dial) functionality,depending on the communications equipment you are using.Important: A business Skype account may only be added to one SIP Profile. If abusiness Skype account is assigned to a SIP Profile it cannot be used to sign in toSkype on your computer or any other device.We also strongly recommend that you do not add your Skype Manager administrator’saccount to a SIP Profile under any circumstances as this would prevent theadministrator from being able to sign in to Skype Manager. Adding an Online Number to a SIP Profile allows calls to that Online Number to bereceived in your SIP-enabled PBX. Depending on your PBX, you may also be able toPage 6 Skype Connect Requirements Guide

configure it to direct calls to that Online Number to your SIP-enabled PBX extensionsand resources such as extension numbers, Hunt Groups, Auto Attendants or ContactCenter. You can use both business Skype accounts and Online Numbers simultaneously on asingle SIP Profile if you wish. In other words, you may have multiple business Skypeaccounts and Online Numbers added to one SIP Profile at the same time. Caller ID is supported for certain Online Numbers provided by Skype. Landlinenumbers can also be used as Caller ID so long as the numbers are owned andcontrolled by you and your company identity has been verified by Skype. If you don'tset up Caller ID, “Unknown number” will be displayed when you make an outbound callusing Skype Connect.Important: Landline numbers and/or Online Numbers from certain countries may notbe able to be used as Caller ID. Skype Connect will send you both the Online Number and the caller's Caller ID in theSIP messages so you can easily map incoming calls within your SIP-enabled PBX. Skype Connect includes industry standard support for Transport Layer Security (TLS)and Secure RTP (sRTP) which encrypts SIP messages and RTP media transportedbetween your SIP-enabled PBX and Skype Connect. This helps to protect your callsand provides a higher level of security for your business communications.TLS and sRTP are automatically enabled so no configuration or provisioning is required(where supported by your SIP-enabled PBX).2.2 Restrictions Skype Connect does not support special service numbers, e.g. 411, or operatorservices and informational services. Skype Connect does not support faxing. Skype Connect is not guaranteed to work with credit card machines, franking(stamping) machines and alarm systems or other services which use a regular phoneline with a modem connection. Video calls using Skype Connect are not supported. Call forwarding to the Skype Names of business Skype accounts that have beenadded to a SIP Profile is not supported.Page 7 Skype Connect Requirements Guide

3.0 System requirementsSkype Connect has been designed to work with existing SIP-enabled PBX systems.Whether your internet connection is Analog, Digital (T1/ISDN) or SIP, Skype Connect canbe integrated with your communications infrastructureHere are the system requirements of Skype Connect:RequirementDescriptionProtocolSIP (RFC3261)Far End NAT traversalNAP/TPrivacy extensionsRFC3325IP transportUDP and TCP/IPAuthenticationSIP DIGEST or IP AuthenticationThese are requested for both REGISTER and INVITERegistrationAutomatic NAT detection and change of registration timersChannelsMaximum of 300 simultaneous calls per SIP ProfileCodecsG.729 and G.711 ulaw/ALawDTMF methodRFC2833Call type supportSkype Connect supports the following third party call controlfeatures when used in conjunction with a Skype Connect certifiedSIP-enabled PBX: Mid call codec change Re-INVITE for various third party call control features includingCall Hold, Call Transfer, Park, Call Divert and other types of SIPenabled PBX call types RFC3325 for P-Asserted-ID, Remote-Party-ID and Privacy:idbased callsNumber formatE.164 (country code and national number), international numberformat for all callsFaxSkype does not support Fax or T.38Emergency callsSkype does not support calls to emergency servicesPage 8 Skype Connect Requirements Guide

4.0 Technical considerationsIn this chapter, we highlight the major technical considerations for implementing SkypeConnect, along with some recommendations. We will cover: Quality of Service (QoS) Voice Channel capacity Impact on other data transfer rates Transport Layer Security (TLS) and Secure RTP (sRTP) Geographic redundancy LAN connectivity4.1 Avoiding Quality of Service issuesQuality of Service (QoS) is a major consideration for any new or existing communicationsimplementation. However, getting a few things right will help avoid quality problems.Skype Connect is a ‘real time’ communications product and is therefore time-sensitive.It has a particular set of requirements which are not the same as non-real time services,such as web browsing and email. Providing good Quality of Service depends onhaving as little delay in your corporate network as possible, including your internetconnection. Voice data needs to be shared at speeds and a quality that enables normalconversations.Calls made using Skype Connect will travel over the public internet and your owncorporate network. As Skype does not control your corporate network or the publicinternet, Quality of Service cannot be guaranteed.4.1.1 Causes of Quality of Service issuesThe primary causes of quality issues with internet voice communications are: High latency, jitter or packet loss on your internet connection or your local corporatenetwork. On a shared internet connection, voice traffic is given insufficient priority over timeinsensitive data on your corporate network. Your internet connection is oversubscribed and is asymmetric. For example, ADSL linessupport more downstream traffic than upstream, and a Skype Connect call requires anequal amount of both up and down stream capacity.Page 9 Skype Connect Requirements Guide

4.1.2 Recommendations for avoiding Quality of ServiceissuesWe recommend the following to help to avoid Quality of Service issues: Ensure you have an internet connection which is suitable for communicating overthe internetAs a guide, an internet connection to be used for communicating over the internetshould be of sufficient quality to provide: Low packet loss of less than 0.2% Latency from your business IT network to should be less than 200milliseconds Low jitter of less than 10 millisecondsIf your internet connection performs badly in one or all of these areas, you willexperience Quality of Service issues. Ensure your LAN has sufficient bandwidth for all of your voice and datarequirementsWe don't recommend using Wi-Fi for Skype Connect. We recommend that yourcustomer premises equipment is of standard equivalent to at least 100Mb/s CAT V. Give voice data priority on your internet connectionUse a specialized SIP Quality of Service-based router in your corporate network whichenables you to give voice data priority when leaving yo