Adaptation And Resilience Initiatives

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Draft MaterialAdaptation and Resilience InitiativesAR1: Commit to comprehensive and equitable state climate change adaptation and resilience planning andimplementationAR2: Incorporate equitable adaptation and risk-reduction considerations into relevant state funding and regulatoryprograms, projects and policiesAR3: Provide state agency planning and technical support for equitable regional and local adaptation and resilience plansand projectsAR4: Evaluate opportunities to ensure equitable consideration of future climate conditions in land-use planning andenvironmental reviews.AR5: Develop policies and tools, and implement programs to reduce risks associated with coastal and inland floodingAR6: Develop policies and programs to reduce human risks associated with new patterns of thermal extremesAR7: Develop policies and programs to reduce risks threatening ecosystems and biodiversityAR8: Strengthen meaningful community engagement and public education, and build adaptive capacity across all sectorsAR9: Identify and evaluate options for supporting equitable adaptation and resilience practices and projectsAR10: Enhance climate resilience and adaptive capacity of agricultural community, while preparing to take advantage ofemerging opportunitiesAR11: Enhance climate resilience and adaptive capacity of agricultural community, while preparing to take advantage ofemerging opportunitiesAR12: Develop policies and programs to maintain carbon sequestration potential of forests (to be developed?)

Draft Material“Themes”Building CapacityCommunities and InfrastructureLiving Systems

Building Capacity

Draft MaterialBuilding Capacity Commit to comprehensive and equitable state climate change adaptation andresilience planning and implementation. (AR1) Incorporate equitable adaptation and risk-reduction considerations intorelevant state funding and regulatory programs, projects and policies. (AR2) Strengthen meaningful community engagement and public education, andbuild adaptive capacity across all sectors. (AR8) Identify and evaluate options for supporting equitable adaptation and resiliencepractices and projects. (AR9)

Draft MaterialAR1: Commit to comprehensive and equitable state climatechange adaptation and resilience planning and implementation Appoint a state resilience officer within State Operations to coordinate and direct agencyhazard mitigation, adaptation, response, resilience and recovery programs. Convene an adaptation and resilience sub-cabinet to oversee development andimplementation of a comprehensive state climate change adaptation and resilience plan. Complete and implement state agency and authority vulnerability assessments,develop resilience and adaptation plans. Identify and prioritize state adaptation and resilienceprojects. Allocate funding and staff resources for periodic, science-based integrated climateassessments and other research to support necessary regulatory and planning activities toreduce risk and promote resilience.

Draft MaterialAR2:Incorporate equitable adaptation and risk-reduction considerationsinto relevant state funding and regulatory programs, projects andpolicies Adopt science-based projections of changes in climate parameters relevant to state decision makingand standardize their use across all agencies and regulated entities. Promote integrated planning and develop criteria for integrated decision making for capitalinvestments. Develop and adopt design guidelines for state-funded projects to ensure resilience to climatehazards, particularly sea-level rise, flooding and extreme heat. Amend Smart Growth Public Infrastructure Policy Act and similar statutes to require consideration ofrelevant climate hazards, not only sea-level rise, storm surge and flooding, and issue implementationguidance. Incentivize use of natural resources and nature-based features to mitigate climate hazards, whereapplicable, and monitor and evaluate benefits. Ensure, through state contract provisions, that design professionals and contractors are trained andqualified to incorporate nature-based solutions in infrastructure projects. Require all state-funded comprehensive land and water-use planning to assess climate-changevulnerabilities and strategies to promote resilience and reduce risk.

Draft MaterialAR8:Strengthen meaningful community engagement and publiceducation, and build adaptive capacity across all sectors Amend the Property Condition Disclosure Act to remove seller’s option to pay a credit, ratherthan providing a disclosure statement. Establish campaign to build student and public awareness of climate change effects andsolutions, including co-benefits of actions to mitigate and adapt to climate change Establish program to enhance building resilience by training operations staff in disasterpreparedness and response Establish program to provide home and small business resilience audits and resiliencerefinancing. Establish or expand climate action corps that employ and train disadvantaged youth andprovide a source of skilled labor for climate-related ecosystem restoration and greeninfrastructure projects that increase nature-based resilience and natural carbon sequestration. Establish Climate Smart Community Student Corps to train students to engage withcommunity groups to facilitate development and implementation of local climate adaptationplans.

Draft MaterialAR9:Identify and evaluate options for supporting equitable adaptationand resilience practices and projects. Create a resilient infrastructure fund through bonding. Impose a surcharge on insurance premiums for select lines of insurance, affected by climatehazards, to generate revenue to support risk-reduction and adaptation projects. Report on options to create tax exemptions for risk-reduction measures and establish arevolving fund to support regional and local risk-reduction and adaptation projects, includingprovisions to allow borrowing from the fund to meet local cost shares of risk-reduction projectsand to provide capital to private entities. Report on options to enhance hazard mitigation funding and pre-fund disaster recovery, and totransfer catastrophic risk to the insurance and capital markets. Address persistent underinsurance by surveying the amount and types of coverage purchasedby homeowners and developing strategies for increasing take-up rates of flood insurance andother coverage. Provide recommendations on the continued use of anti-concurrent causation clauses.

Communities andInfrastructure

Draft MaterialCommunities and Infrastructure Provide state agency planning and technical support for equitable regional andlocal adaptation and resilience plans and projects. (AR3) Evaluate opportunities to ensure equitable consideration of future climateconditions in land-use planning and environmental reviews. (AR4) Develop policies, programs, and decision support tools to reduce risksassociated with coastal and inland flooding. (AR5) Develop policies and programs to reduce human risks associated with newpatterns of thermal extremes. (AR6) Ensure the reliability, resilience and safety of a decarbonized energy system.(AR11)

Draft MaterialAR3:Provide state agency planning and technical support for equitableregional and local adaptation and resilience plans and projects. (1 of 2) Support development of local government resilience, continuity and adaptive capacity.Consider expanding role of local or regional advisory bodies to include climate changeadaptation and resilience planning and implementation. Assist local governments to adopt and integrate climate change considerations into localregulatory programs and land use plans, including hazard mitigation,local waterfront revitalization and comprehensive land-use plans. Develop local economic resilience strategies and provide support to local governmentsand businesses with climate-adapted economic development, business continuity planning,and local government climate financing and budgeting. Provide support to local communities for planning and implementing ecosystem-basedadaptation projects that help ecosystems and wildlife adapt to climate change, maintain criticalecosystem services, such as protecting water resources and wetlands, providing natural floodcontrol, improving carbon sequestration, and providing nature-based resilience.

Draft MaterialAR3:Provide state agency planning and technical support for equitableregional and local adaptation and resilience plans and projects. (2 of 2) Provide annual funding for Climate Leadership Coordinators to provide training, technicalsupport and county and regional capacity building to assist local governments to assessclimate vulnerabilities, and to develop and implement adaptation plans. Support deployment of online tools to facilitate local and regional vulnerability assessments,adaptation planning and implementation with metrics, project management, progressmonitoring dashboard, peer collaboration network, and financing resources. Develop policies and guidance and provide funding for community environmental andeconomic resilience through managed retreat with strategic property buyouts, strategic reuseof industrialized waterfronts, and economic repurposing of buyout properties and strandedcoastal assets. Establish strike teams to equitably assist municipalities with resilient post-disaster recovery. Develop policies and guidance and provide funding and support to receiving communities toprepare them for addressing climate migration out of climate-impacted areas and assist withresettlement housing, jobs, schools, infrastructure and services. Create Watershed Protection Improvement Districts under NY Town Law Article 12 Sec 190 toassess local climate change impact fees, run payments-for-ecosystem services initiatives(PES) and oversee participation in voluntary carbon markets.

Draft MaterialAR4: Evaluate opportunities to ensure equitable consideration offuture climate conditions in land-use planning and environmentalreviews. Develop or update guidance on consideration and mitigation of climate change risks in permitand SEQRA reviews, and amend SEQR Handbook and workbooks. Enact legislative amendments to enhance the ability of county and regional planning boards toencourage comprehensive planning beyond municipal boundaries. Amend the project review process to facilitate approval of adaptive projects, including a reviewincentive program for carbon-neutral or resilient development. Provide guidance on assessment of effects of agency actions and public investments onregional and local economies and adaptive capacity.

Draft MaterialAR5:Develop policies and tools, and implement programs toreduce risks associated with coastal and inland flooding Maintain funding for watershed assessments to identify flood hazards. Provide support to municipalities for right-sizing culverts and bridges to reduce flood risk andimprove aquatic habitat quality. Provide support and incentives for municipal participation in FEMA’s Community RatingSystem. Provide support for incorporation of CRRA guidelines into local floodplain regulations. Amend state building code to account for sea-level rise and enhanced riverine flooding. Develop a statewide flood-risk mapping strategy to include an assessment of changes inriverine flood risk, flood map inventory, and a floodplain designation scalability assessment. Explore use of multi-hazard, climate-informed datasets on flood hazard to account for pluvialflood risk and other climate impacts. Support restoration of buy-out areas to maximize flood protection, carbon sequestration andother ecosystem benefits.

Draft MaterialAR6:Develop policies and programs to reduce human risksassociated with new patterns of thermal extremes Provide guidance and funding for development of regional and local heat emergency plansthat demonstrate a prioritization toward the health and stability of disadvantaged communities. Promote and facilitate access to programs that provide cooling to vulnerable populations, withfocus on providing high-efficiency units, and addressing energy costs/insecurity and additionalbarriers to use. Promote and fund development and implementation of cooling centers, including assessmentsto increase accessibility via public transportation. Promote and incentivize use of natural resources, nature-based features, shade structures,cool roofs and cool pavements to reduce individual risks and mitigate neighborhood climateimpacts associated with extreme heat, with focus on disadvantaged communities. Enhance and maintain heat warning systems to communicate to the public, workers and otherstakeholders. Develop and update educational materials and messaging relating to the risks of exposure toextreme heat/cold for vulnerable populations, workers and other key stakeholders. Amend state building code and provide incentives toward more effective weatherization fromthermal extremes.

Draft MaterialAR11:Ensure the reliability, resilience and safety of a decarbonizedenergy system. Require public and investor-owned utilities and generators to assess vulnerabilities to climatehazards and prepare resiliency promotion and risk-reduction plans. Prioritize investments that modernize the energy system to ensure reliability and resilience. Develop strategies to ensure availability of fuel and power for emergency vehicular fleetoperations and essential public transportation during power grid outages. Promote energy efficiency upgrades and capital improvements to buildings to endure gridfailures (high-performance walls, roofs and windows; batteries; solar PV). Develop a comprehensive strategy to support development of islandable microgrids anddistrict systems to provide locally generated power, especially to critical facilities during gridemergencies. Develop a comprehensive strategy for transition of existing natural gas infrastructure to RNGor hydroge