Women’s Statistical Status In The Islamic Republic Of Iran

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ANNEX VWomen’s Statistical Status in the Islamic Republic of IranIntroductionThe advancement and remarkable progress of women’s situation during the long years sincethe victory of the Islamic Revolution is an undeniable issue deriving from the viewpoints of thefounder of the Islamic revolution, the late Imam Khomeini in the areas of cultural, social andeconomic development.Code three of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran emphasizes on the equal rightsof the citizens and elimination of unequal discrimination and stresses on providing equalfacilities for all in all material and moral areas. Moreover, Code 20 of the Constitution states:‘All individuals of the nation including men and women are protected under the law and enjoyall humane, political, economic, social, and cultural rights under Islamic laws’ and Code 21 ofthe Constitution which is the main code over the women’s rights charges the government toprotect the rights of women under the Islamic laws in every area and in this way enlists majorduties upon the government. In addition to the Constitution there are also other specialsupportive laws in the area of employment, economic and social supports for women sincethe revolution which have been ratified by the Islamic Consultative Assembly (Parliament).Currently, in addition to playing the significant role of motherhood and wifehood and nurturingof their children as architects of Iran society and culture they are also wholly active in variousareas of science, education, politics and economics without any legal restriction. Close to60% of university admissions are engaged by young girls and women. More than 30% ofacademic seats at universities and seminaries are engaged by women and this is when thatthe same statistics before the Islamic Revolution (1979) was only 1 %. Also 40 % of medicalspecialists in the country and 98%of gynecologists are women. In addition, a remarkablenumber of women hold decision making and political positions such as MPs, advisors to thePresident,The deputies and advisors to the ministers, governors and other decision making structuresand executive managements. Indeed, the real objective of the Islamic Republic of Iran is toachieve the stage where there is not even a single illiterate or deprived in the society. Formany years efforts have been made to eradicate poverty, deprivation ad deficiency. The truthdepicts that some developed countries despite their access to long social welfare indexes arestill witnessing confusion with regards to the individual identity of women and family instability.This is when in the Islamic Republic of Iran by observing the genuine teachings of Islam theadvancement and promotion of women’s status is fully regarded in every walk of life based onthe principle of balance and strengthening of the family union.The cultural roots emphasize on family among Iranians and this has been proved based onthe researches conducted over men and women before and after the revolution.Hence, regarding the cultural approach of the Islamic Republic of Iran the mere qualitativestatistics on the advancement of women’s status is not the sole view of the Iranian scientistsand experts.The problem with women in the international system is the creeping and continual oppressionwhich are emphasized under the beautiful mottos of equality and similarity in the gender roleswhich are imposed upon women. Whereas global inequality includes a wider range thangender issues and the unstable economic situation at mass level has caused some countries1

to have no access to their basic living resources and the slogan of equality is not a cure to thedeep wound of poverty which these countries experience.The international prescriptions have failed to solve the many problems that are faced bywomen due to ignoring their indigenous and cultural issues. Perhaps it is time to find the rootcauses of the present situation of women in the contemporary age instead of emphasizing onthe current international indexes and instead review the recommendations and prescriptionsoffered already to the countries and provide new approaches to this end.The statistical report indicates only a small part of the achievements of women gained sincethe Islamic revolution including the promotion of women’s status in various areas during therecent decades.1996 gender population combination:Women’s population 49/05 %Men: 35866362Women: 34629420Total: 70495782Health indexLife ExpectancyThe statistics show an increase in the rate of life expectancy from 56/23% in 1976 to 74/51%in 2007-The index for life expectancy from birth during the years 1976-2007 indicates that for bothmen and women it has had an increasing trend by 33%. This has been even higher forwomen.Life expectancy for men and women during the years 1976 -20071976 198619901995Women’s lifeexpectancy-2000200420052006Men’s lifeexpectancyAccess to clean drinking water and safe sanitation2

Access to these facilities in almost every developed country with few exceptions is 100%.In Iran this rate is 93% and the rate of access to safe sanitation is 84%.-Rate of birth delivery under supervision of specialists or trained individualsIn countries with high man power resources it is 97% in the mid developed countries thisrate is 68% and in the less developed countries is 35% .In Iran this rate is 95%.-At national level more than 95% of children are fully immunized (via vaccination) .parallel to advancements achieved in the areas of training ,scientific and physical trainingfor women during the past three decades empowerment, support of female headedhouseholds and eradication of poverty and expansion of family doctors programs havebeen implemented as part of the main policies of the government. In more than 30provincial visits during the first two years of the presidential round trips of Dr. Ahmadinejadthere have been special allocations for these purposes.- One GP per 1000 populationOne of the most significant indexes for assessing people’s access to health facilities is theratio of GP per 1000 population of the country.It is noteworthy to mention that in Iran the ratio of every one GP to every 1000 population is105. Another point to mention is in 7 countries around the world the ratio of GP to every 1000population is less than20.Percentage of GPFrom the years 1986- 1996 there was a 301% increase and from 1996 to 2006 it was 150%increase. 99% of gynecologists in Iran are women.Statistics on GPs of medical students based on gender desegregation during the past three decades1375- 13851996-2006%NO39/49153051365- 754Female GPs60/5170/174/81Male GPs23449114672239 عنوان Rate of growth for women GPs has increase by 301% from1986 to 1996 and from 1996-2006 by 150%The ratio of women specialists to men specialists in the medical universities and health treatmentservices during the past 3 decades1996 - 2006%NO4042101986 - 1996%NO3523041976 - 1986%NO15597606585625743223465TitleFemale specialistsMale specialistsThe growth for women specialists from 1986-1996 has increased by 260% and from 1996-2006 by 51%The ratio of women post specialist to men post specialists in Medical universities and health treatmentservices during the past three decades3

1375- 13851996-20061365- 13751986-1996136513551976- 1986%30NO121%%9NO33%%9NO1070286%91318%91100 عنوان Female postspecialistsMale post specialistsThe growth rate of female post specialists from 1986-1996 has increased by 151% and from 1997-2007 by 151%The ratio of specialists and post specialists for women diseases based on gender desegregation duringthe past three 976-19861365- 13751986-19961375- 13851996-2006As it is clearly indicated the percentage of specialists and post specialists on womendiseases has had a considerable decrease among men in so far as it has declined from 84%to 2%. This rate has increased among women from16% to 98% and has in fact had a 512.5%increase.Physical training and physical fitnessIn line with health and physical fitness for women, hundreds of physical training centers havebeen established for women. 216 of Iranian women have won medals in the internationalchampionships in various sports fields. The number of women trainers is 88352.Sport umpires comprise 59490 and the number of female athlete is more than 7882118people. Further details will follow on physical trainings.Indexes on women physical training during the years (1980-2006)Statistics on sports associationsThe activities of these associations have increased from 8sports fields in1982 to 38 in2003and have reached to 44 federation sports in 2006.Statistics on sports delegationsThe activities of various sports fields have increased from 90 delegations in1982 to 5981 in2003 and have reached to 6641 in2006.Statistics on trainersThe number of trainers has increased from 12 in 1979 to 125 in1982 and 32466 trainers in2003 and 88353 trainers’ in2006.Statistics on umpiresThe number of 8 umpires’ in1979 has increased to 42 in 1982 and to 16489 umpires in 2003and to 59490 in 2006.Statistics on life guardsAfter conducting several life guard courses in 1994 a number of 573 life guards were trained.This number was increased to 2566 in 2003 and increased even more to 3460 in 2006.Statistics on sports championship4

The number of sports champions at international level has reached to 179 in 2003 and in2006 it reached to 216.Domestic Games based on coursesDomestic Games have reached to 90 in 1992 from one in 1980and to1238 in 2003.International GamesParticipation in games at international level has reached from 2in 1991 to 31 in 2003 and to65 in 2007.Dispatch of sports delegationsFrom 6 in 1998 it has reached to 14 in 2003 and to 56 in2006.Number of Sports seminars and congressesThe number of congresses and domestic seminars convened in 1988 was only two but itincreased to 2128 in2003.Number of participation in foreign sports congressesWhile only participating in three major congresses in 1990 this increased to 7 in 2003.Number of experts dispatched to scientific congresses and symposiumsNumber of experts sent to symposiums in 1990were 4 which increased to 10 in 2003.Statistics on under supportThe statistics on athletes has increased from 76952 in 1982 to 1273006 in 2003 and to7,182,181to2006 among female athletes.Training classesIn 1980 only one training course was conducted this increased to504 in 2003.Trainers’ training classesTrainers’ training classes has increased from 10 in1982 to353 in 2004.Umpire classesIn 2002 only 8 umpire classes were held; this was increased to 151in 2003.International and foreign sports classesIn 1987 two international courses were held this reached to16in 1999 and in 2003 5 classeswere held and it reached to 21 in 2006.Conducted researchResearches conducted in 1994 were only three which increased to17 in 1997and all togetherit increased by 65 in 2003.Number of umpires sent abroadIn 2002 three and in2003 three others to a total of 6 were sent abroad for umpiring.Number of State- run sports complexesIn 1994, 968 sports complexes existed for both men and women. By 2003 these places wereincreased by 1184 and 166 state-run places for public functions.Number of private complexesIn 1994 a number of 1867 private sector hall existed for both men and women currently in2003 there are 1170private sector places for women.Education indexesEducational Advancement is one of the main elements of human development .Theexpansion of knowledge not only directly provide the grounds for human choice but alsothrough better access to job opportunities and health improvements it creates better lifeconditions.Rate of literacy among populations of 6 years and above during years 1986-20065

Rate of literacy among populations of 6 years and above during years 1986-20062006199619911986With regards to educational indexes the statistics indicate that the rate of literacy amongwomen has increased from 35.55 in 1976 to more than 80.34% in 2006.The rate of literacy inthe country in urban and rural areas has shown an increase of 30.7% among women in theurban areas and in the rural areas this has increased by 90%. The literacy rate amongwomen has increased from 52.08% in1987 to 80.34%in 2007.The number of female students during the years 1976 to 2006 has had a 1831.4% growth,while for men this number was increased by 500%. On the other hand the percentage offemale students out of the total has increased in these years in such that in 2001 the numberof men and women students was equal and in 2006 the number of women students increasedto nearly 58%more than men.The number of women graduates increased from 28.6% in 1976 to 50.3% in 2006 i.e. 75.9%growth. In 2005 the number of male and women graduates was almost equal.With regards to equal scientific and educational opportunities there is a 58% of women invarious fields in Academic centers and also a 40% of women’s presence in academic seats ofuniversities which show the capacities and opportunities available to women and young girls.Women’s literacy rate1976 men 52.61 women56.231986 men 5941 women 63.471996 men 67.61 women 70.072006 men69.77 women 74.51Literacy rate among 6 years above (%)1976 men 58.9 women 35.51986 men 70.99 women 52.081996 men 86, 07 women 80, 32006 men 88, 74 women 80,346

Literacy rate among the youth (15-24) (%)1976 men 71, 05 women 42, 671986 men 84, 85 women 65, 522001 men 97, 3 women 94.12006 men 97, 14 women 96, 13Gender Combination of primary level school students (%)1977 men 60, 28 women 39, 721986 men 55, 66 women 44, 342001 men 52, 40 women47, 602006 men 51, 64 women 48, 35Gender combination of intermediate level school students (%)1976 men 62, 79 women 37, 211986 men 61, 58 women 38, 422001 men 54, 68 women 45, 322006 men 53, 34 women 46, 65Gender combination of high school level students (%)1976 men 63, 64 women36, 361986men 57, 62 women 42, 362001 men 50, 83 women 49, 172006 men 51, 15 women 4