Aerial Platform And Scissor Lift Procedure

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Aerial Platform and Scissor Lift Procedure1. Purpose1.1. The purpose of this procedure is to outline the safety activities thatshall be performed when operating aerial platforms and scissor lifts.This document contains practices and procedures to protectemployees from hazards associated with aerial platforms and scissorlifts in compliance with OSHA 29 CFR 1926.452(w), 29 CFR 1926.453,and ANSI/SIA A92.2 through A92.6 Standards (2001 through 2006).2. Scope2.1. This procedure applies to all University owned or rented aerial platformand scissor lifts and the University employees who use them. Parts ofthis program address the use of forklifts that have been approved forthe use of elevating personnel.3. Definitions3.1. Aerial platform: A mobile device that has an adjustable positionplatform, supported from ground level by a structure.3.2. Competent person: One who, by possession of a recognized degree,certificate, or professional standing, or by extensive knowledge,training, and experience, has successfully demonstrated his/her abilityto solve or resolve problems related to the subject matter, the work, orthe project.3.3. Familiarization: Providing information regarding the control functionsand safety devices for the aerial platform(s) to a qualified person oroperator who controls the movement of the aerial platform(s) beingdelivered.3.4. Guardrail system: A vertical barrier primarily intended to protectagainst personnel falling to lower levels.3.5. Hazardous location: Any location that contains, or has the potentialto contain, an explosive or flammable atmosphere as defined inANSI/NFPA 505 – 1996, Powered Industrial Trucks.3.6. Maintenance: The act of upkeep such as inspection, lubrication,refueling, cleaning, adjustment and scheduled part(s) replacement.3.7. Manufacturer: A person or entity who makes, builds, or produces anaerial platform.3.8. Operation: Performance of functions of an aerial platform and scissorlifts within the scope of its specifications and in accordance with themanufacturer’s instructions, the user’s work rules, and applicablegovernmental regulations.3.9. Operator: A qualified person who controls the movement of an aerialplatform.3.10.Outriggers: Devices that increase the stability of the aerial platformand that are capable of lifting and leveling the aerial platform.3.11.Platform: The portion of an aerial platform intended to be occupied bypersonnel with their necessary tools and materials.Approval Date: 3/7/2019Review Date:Aerial Platform and Scissor Lift Procedure Safe010Page 1 of 13Owner: RMS/Director

3.12.Repair: The act of restoring to good condition that which has beenbroken, damaged or worn due to use, abuse or other reasons.3.13.Shall: The word “shall” is to be understood as being mandatory.3.14.Stability/Stable: A condition of an aerial platform and scissor lift inwhich the sum of the moments that tend to overturn the unit is lessthan or equal to the sum of the moments tending to resist overturning.3.15.Stabilizers: Devices that increase the stability of the aerial platformbut are not capable of lifting or leveling the aerial platform.3.16.Training: Instruction to enable the trainee to become an operator.3.17.User: A person(s) or entity who has care, control and custody of theaerial platform. This person or entity may also be the employer of theoperator, a dealer, owner, lessor, lessee, or operator.4. Responsibilities4.1. Department Chairs and Administrator’s Responsibilities:4.1.1. Ensure that responsibilities of this program are assigned toindividuals within their unit/department.4.1.2. Actively support the implementation and follow-through of thisprogram within their unit/department.4.1.3. Ensure that adequate funding is available to support thisprogram.4.2. Departmental Managers/Supervisors:4.2.1. Upon the purchase of an aerial platform or scissor lift:4.2.1.1. Shall contact Risk Management & Safety prior to thepurchase for approval and to ensure that trackinginformation can be updated.4.2.1.2. Shall ensure that the operating and maintenance manualshave been received, made available to each operator, andplaced in a weather-proof compartment on the lift.4.2.1.3. Shall acquire the repair and parts manuals within 60 daysof the acquisition of a new lift.4.2.1.4. If buying used equipment, shall work with RiskManagement and Safety to ensure that an annualinspection is done on the lift prior to placing the unit inservice.4.2.1.5. Shall work with Risk Management and Safety to arrangefor the manufacturer or approved vendor to provide initialaerial lift training and “Specific Lift Familiarization Training”to the department’s operators prior to use of the lift.4.2.1.6. Shall ensure that all employee operators of the lift reviewthe operator’s manual and sign the acknowledgment form(Appendix B) prior to initial use of the lift.4.2.1.7. Shall appoint an individual within the Department who willbe the point of contact with Risk Management and Safetyand employees concerning lift safety.4.2.1.8. Shall repair the lift as necessary.Approval Date: 3/7/2019Review Date:Aerial Platform and Scissor Lift Procedure Safe010Page 2 of 13Owner: RMS/Director

4.2.2. Shall ensure that workplace inspections and pre-startinspections are conducted prior to use of an aerial lift. Annualinspections are performed on the lift in accordance with themanufacturer’s recommendations and this procedure. ContactsRisk Management and Safety to schedule an annual inspection.4.2.3. Shall ensure that the pre-start inspection form (Appendix C) iscompleted prior to use. In addition, if the lift is to be moved, theDepartment shall utilize the workplace inspection form found inAppendix D.4.2.4. When safety-related concerns have been discovered, eitherthrough annual inspections, pre-start inspections, or at anyother time, the lift shall be taken out of service and locked andtagged out until the defects found have been repaired.4.2.5. Shall ensure that operators receive lift specific familiarizationtraining from competent operators/trainers that have beenauthorized by Risk Management and Safety. This includes whenrenting and/or purchasing an aerial lift. This training shall bedocumented and the original training documents provided toRisk Management & Safety. All employees involved in thetraining along with the instructor shall sign the form found inAppendix A.4.2.6. Shall ensure that no personnel operate an aerial lift if they havenot completed both the classroom and hands on aerial lifttraining on the specific lift that they will be operating.4.2.7. Shall give operators the authority to lower the lift at any time ifthey have any concerns for their safety. Operators have theauthority to terminate work activities when using an aerial orscissor lift.4.2.8. If selling, donating, or destroying lifts, prior to the donation, sale,or destruction of an aerial platform or scissor lift, the donating orselling department shall contact Risk Management & Safety toensure that appropriate steps are taken.4.3. Employee/Operator Responsibilities4.3.1. Complete the aerial lift training prior to operating an aerial lift.4.3.2. Operators of aerial platform and scissor lifts shall review theoperator’s manual for all lifts that they use prior to the initial liftuse. Documentation of this shall be completed using the“Operating Manual Acknowledgement Form” found in AppendixB of this program.4.3.3. Prior to operation, shall know and understand the following:4.3.3.1. How to safely operate the lift.4.3.3.2. Hazardous conditions which jeopardize safety.4.3.3.3. All control features of the lift.4.3.3.4. All placard warnings.4.3.3.5. All safety devices on the lift.4.3.3.6. Where to locate the user manual.Approval Date: 3/7/2019Review Date:Aerial Platform and Scissor Lift Procedure Safe010Page 3 of 13Owner: RMS/Director

4.3.3.7. Who is permitted to operate or ride on the lift.4.3.4. Perform Pre-Start Inspections.4.3.5. Perform Workplace Inspections.4.4. Risk Management and Safety Department’s Responsibilities:4.4.1. Annually audit this program and revise it as necessary.4.4.2. Ensure that initial training is provided to all lift operators andusers that have been entered into the Aerial Platform andScissor Lift program.4.4.3. Maintain training records for approved operators and users ofaerial platforms and scissor lifts.4.4.4. Approve trainers that carry out the specific lift familiarizationtraining.4.4.5. Provide technical support to departments and employees whenquestions or concerns arise with regard to aerial platform andscissor lift safety.4.4.6. Maintain a database and tracking system for all aerial platformand scissor lifts and operators through the cooperation of theUniversity departments.4.4.7. Conduct periodic audits to ensure that the annual, frequent, andpre-start inspections are being completed appropriately,maintenance is being completed at the proper intervals, trainingis completed for all operators, and all records are beingmaintained properly.4.4.8. Ensure that a contract agreement is in place with a qualifiedcontractor to conduct the annual inspections, frequentinspections, and maintenance programs and that theinspections take place on the appropriate scheduled basis.4.4.9. Serve as an approval authority for any lift rentals or liftpurchases on campus to ensure that the procedures outlined inthis procedure are implemented. With the purchase or rental ofa lift, Risk Management and Safety shall ensure that within sixty(60) days of the acquisition, the manufacturer is provided the fullname and address of the buyer along with the model and serialnumber of the lift acquired.4.4.10. Serve as the point of contact if any department experiences anyproblems with a lift, and coordinate the needed service on thatlift.5. Inspections5.1. Pre-Start Inspections5.1.1. A pre-start inspection shall be completed prior to each day’s useor at the beginning of each shift that the aerial platform lift isused, whichever comes first. A visual inspection and functionaltest that includes the following criteria shall be completed:5.1.1.1. Operating and emergency controls5.1.1.2. Safety devices.Approval Date: 3/7/2019Review Date:Aerial Platform and Scissor Lift Procedure Safe010Page 4 of 13Owner: RMS/Director

rsonal protective devices.Air, hydraulic and fuel system leaks.Cables and wiring harness.Loose or missing parts.Tires and wheels.Placards, warnings, control markings and operatingmanual(s).5.1.1.9. Outriggers, stabilizers and other structures.5.1.1.10. Guardrail system.5.1.1.11. Other items specified by manufacturer.5.1.1.12. If outdoors, a functioning, calibrated anemometer isattached to the platform.5.2. All pre-start inspections shall be documented on the form provided inAppendix C. Each department shall identify a storage location for thecompleted pre-start inspection forms. The last month of inspectionsshall be kept on the lift in the designated storage location.6. Workplace Inspections6.1. Prior to operating an aerial lift, the operator shall visually inspect thearea where the aerial lift will be used. The operator shall document theinspection on the Aerial Platform & Scissor Lift Workplace InspectionForm. This can be found in Appendix D.6.2. The workplace shall be inspected for hazards such as, but not limitedto:6.2.1. Drop-offs or holes6.2.2. Slopes6.2.3. Bumps and floor obstructions6.2.4. Debris6.2.5. Overhead obstructions and high voltage conductors6.2.6. Hazardous locations and atmospheres.6.2.7. Inadequate surface and support to withstand all load forcesimposed by the aerial platform lift.6.2.8. Wind and weather conditions.6.2.9. Presence of unauthorized people.6.2.9.1. To prevent unauthorized people from being in the areasurrounding the aerial lift, the area shall be demarcatedwith, at a minimum, orange cones.6.2.10. Other possible unsafe conditions.6.3. Departments may choose to create a two-sided inspection form, with theAerial Platform & Scissor Lift Pre-start Inspection Form on one side and theAerial Platform & Scissor Lift Workplace Inspection Form on the other side.7. Annual Inspections7.1. An annual inspection shall be performed on all aerial platforms andscissor lifts every twelve months (no later than 13 months from the dateof the prior annual inspection). The inspection shall be performed by aqualified mechanic who is authorized to perform maintenance duties onApproval Date: 3/7/2019Review Date:Aerial Platform and Scissor Lift Procedure Safe010Page 5 of 13Owner: RMS/Director

the lift. An approved vendor shall be contracted through RiskManagement & Safety with the cooperation of the department whoowns the lift. The contractor’s inspection shall include all itemsspecified by the manufacturer for an annual inspection.8. Frequent Inspections8.1. A frequent inspection (also referred to as a periodic inspection) shall beperformed on all aerial platform and scissor lifts at a frequencyconsistent with the manufacturer’s recommendations.8.1.1. In the absence of recommendations a frequent inspection shalltake place when a lift has not been in operation for 90 days orhas been in use for 150 hours.8.2. The inspection shall be performed by a qualified mechanic who isauthorized to perform maintenance duties on the lift.8.3. An approved vendor shall be contracted through Risk Management &Safety, with the cooperation of the Department who owns the lift. Thecontractor’s inspection shall include all items specified by themanufacturer for a frequent inspection.9. Maintenance9.1. All maintenance that is performed on aerial lifts shall be performed bytrained and experienced professionals. The owning or rentingDepartment shall make arrangements with an approvedvendor/contractor with the input of Risk Management and Safety.10. Battery Charging and Fueling10.1.Battery charging and fueling of aerial platform or scissor lifts shall bedone in a non-hazardous environment with adequate ventilation.10.1.1. A minimum of a 10 lb. A