ART HISTORY School-based Syllabus

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INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATEART HISTORYSchool-based SyllabusMay 2010 Examination Session onwardsNotes1This document should be read in conjunction with the Handbook of procedures for theDiploma Programme School-based Syllabus (SBS) section.2As an SBS, Art History may be offered only by schools authorised by IBO to do so priorto the commencement of the course.3An SBS may not be combined within the same Diploma with a pilot programme oranother SBS.4Any queries arising from this documentation should be directed in the first instance to theSubject Manager, via IB Answers.

International BaccalaureateThis edition revised September 2012CONTENTSNATURE OF THE SUBJECT3AIMS4ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVES5SYLLABUS OUTLINE6SYLLABUS DETAILS7ASSESSMENT OUTLINE9ASSESSMENT MODEL10ASSESSMENT DETAILS11PAPER 1PAPER 2INTERNAL ASSESSMENT121416APPENDIX 1MAY 2014 LIST OF WORKS220

NATURE OF THE SUBJECTArt History is the study of the rich heritage of visual arts produced by human societies. Thisproduction, ranging from painting, sculpture, architecture, design, photography and appliedarts, to costume and body art, has found expression in human cultures from the earliest times,and has been determined by a range of functions. The art historian is concerned with theformal appreciation of these works and the understanding of their meaning within the culturethat produced them, as well as the relationships between one culture and another. Visualliteracy is particularly relevant in an age when we have unprecedented access and exposure toimages.As part of the IB Diploma programme, Art History forms an option in group 3, individualsand societies. The discipline is fundamentally about how individuals and social groups haveresponded to and represented aspects of their world and experience, creating a visualresponse which is simultaneously that of the individual and their society. The worksproduced may have meaning for different sections of that society. Works are studied from avariety of approaches, which comprise the core curriculum of the syllabus.Interpretations of the art of the past are constantly changing as new evidence comes to light inart historical research, as cultural values change, and as developments occur in contemporaryart. The subject requires a critical analysis of documentary and theoretical sources. To someextent our view of the art of other cultures is necessarily conditioned by our own culturalattitudes, but by trying to understand how these works were originally intended, or howsocieties have viewed other cultures, those societies are brought closer to us and our ownappreciation of the works is enhanced. At both school and university level, Art History hasfor many years been taught as a discrete subject, with its own history and critical literature.As part of the I.B. diploma programme, Art History is complementary to other areas of study.It is closely related to subjects in the Humanities and Arts fields. The Sciences play a majorpart in, for example, the field of conservation and restoration of artworks. As well asbroadening the cultural horizons of students, the study of Art History has many applicationsin terms of careers, including museum and conservation work, the art market, architecture,picture research and the media, as well as tourism.The Art History syllabus will provide students with a historical, social and culturalperspective on artistic production across and within particular societies, and they will developconsiderable expertise in those areas. First-hand experience of artworks is desirable in thestudy of Art History, and extensive use will also be made of art historical learning, includingdocumentary sources and art criticism, stimulating students to develop informed criticalresponses. Emphasis is placed on the development of analytical and discursive skills, both inwriting and orally. Students will be required to research independently and in groups, makepresentations in class, contribute to class discussion and submit written papers throughout thecourse.The study of Art History can contribute immensely to our appreciation of our own cultureand foster respect and understanding for other cultures. Many students go on to develop alifelong interest in this fascinating discipline.3

AIMSThe aims of all subjects in group 3, individuals and societies are to:1. encourage the systematic and critical study of: human experience and behaviour;physical, political, economic and social environments; the history and development ofsocial and cultural institutions2. develop in the student the capacity to identify, to analyse critically and to evaluatetheories, concepts and arguments about the nature and activities of the individual andsociety3. enable the student to collect, describe, analyse and interpret complex data and sourcematerial and to test hypotheses4. develop an awareness in the student that human attitudes and beliefs are widelydiverse and that the study of society requires an appreciation of such diversity5. enable the student to recognize that the knowledge and methodologies of the subjectsin group 3 are contestable and that their study requires the acceptance of uncertaintyThe aims of the Art History course at standard level are to:1. develop visual awareness and understanding2. promote an interest in and critical understanding of the artistic production of humansocieties within their historical, political, social, economic and cultural contexts, as ameans to enjoying and benefiting from our cultural heritage and fostering anunderstanding and sensitivity towards other cultures3. encourage an appreciation of Art History as a discipline, with an awareness of itsvarious methods and interpretations.4

ASSESSMENT OBJECTIVESHaving followed the Art History course at standard level, candidates will be expected to:1. describe specific works of art, architecture and design, and analyse and discuss themthrough clear and well-constructed arguments2. demonstrate a broad knowledge and understanding of the cultural, social, political andeconomic context within which specific works of art and architecture have beenproduced, and analyse and evaluate the impact of that context3. make use of a range of art historical texts, art theory, criticism and documentarysources, as well as their own awareness of art and architecture, to develop informedcritical responses and personal opinions4. research, plan and present an evaluative study of the specific aspect of art historychosen for the guided coursework project, including references, bibliography andillustrations5

SYLLABUS OUTLINEThe Art History SBS is available at standard level only. It is recognized as a group 3(individuals and societies) subject.The 150 class hours will be devoted to: developing skills and methodologies appropriate to the course, the study of two chosen topics from the range of approaches in the core curriculum, the coursework project.The syllabus consists of eight topics and the guided coursework project.Candidates are required to study two topics. They should undertake one guided courseworkproject on an art history subject of their choice which need not be syllabus related.TopicsTopic 1The art and architecture of Ancient GreeceTopic 2Rome - Republic and EmpireTopic 3The Middle AgesTopic 4Romanesque and Gothic art and architectureTopic 5The art of the RenaissanceTopic 6The Baroque Age - Art and architecture of 17th-century EuropeTopic 7The 'Age of Reason' to 'Romanticism'Topic 8Experiments in 19th- and 20th-century artGuided coursework project2000-word, illustrated cross-cultural investigation6

SYLLABUS DETAILSThe SBS in Art History consists of a core curriculum of themes that are explored in depththrough the two chosen topics: style and formal qualities, iconography and meaning,historical context and function, artistic production and patronage, techniques and materials.The course is offered at standard level and involves 150 teaching hours.Teachers are required to design a course of study that includes two topics from a choice ofeight. The selection should be made according to the location of the school and the expertiseof the teacher.Candidates are required to develop a detailed knowledge of two art historical topics.TopicsThe following is a general indication of the main areas to be covered within each topic.These can certainly be modified and expanded to suit the needs of individual schools.Topic 1The art and architecture of Ancient GreeceCultures of the prehistoric AegeanInfluence of Egypt and the Near EastSocial and political life in Ancient GreeceDevelopment of the orders of Greek architectureThe Greek pantheon and religious lifeArchaic and Classical sculptureGreek painting and vase paintingHellenistic artTopic 2Rome - Republic and EmpireEtruscan art and societyInfluence of Greek cultureSocial and political life of Ancient RomeDevelopments in architectureDevelopments in sculpture and paintingArt in service to the StatePortraitureThe Rise of Christianity and division of the Roman EmpireEarly Christian sculpture and painting in the catacombsTopic 3The Middle AgesPolitical and social history of the Late Roman Empire‘Barbarian’ culturesDevelopment of Christian architectureChristian iconographyPainting and mosaics - narrative cyclesHistory of Constantinople. Icons and iconoclasm - Traditions in Byzantine artDevelopment of Islamic art and architectureSpread of Christianity in Northern Europe7

Topic 4Romanesque and Gothic art and architectureSocial and political history of late Medieval Europe and the Middle EastChristian iconography and the importance of the Church in Medieval EuropeRomanesque architecture in Northern Europe and ItalyRomanesque painting and sculptureTrade, travel and conflictThe Islamic World and Islamic SpainManuscript illuminationDevelopment of Gothic architecture, painting and sculptureStained glassTopic 5The art of the RenaissanceSocial and political history of Renaissance EuropeHumanism and the rise of the artistTrecento and quattrocento painting and sculpture in ItalyEarly Ottoman art and architecture15th-century painting in the Low CountriesArchitecture of the Italian RenaissanceThe High RenaissanceThe Reformation - 16th-century art in Northern EuropeMannerismTopic 6The Baroque Age - Art and architecture of 17th-century EuropeSocial, religious and political history of 17th-century EuropeBaroque architecture and decorative schemesBaroque painting in Italy, France and Spain17th-century sculpture in Italy17th-century Dutch and Flemish paintingTopic 7The 'Age of Reason' to 'Romanticism'Social and political history of 18th- and 19th-century Europe and its impact on artRococo art and architecture18th-century architecture in Europe and AmericaThe role of Academies in shaping 18th-century painting and sculptureRomanticism and the changing status of the artistDevelopments in landscape paintingTopic 8Experiments in 19th- and 20th-century artThe impact of social and political history of late 19th- and 20th-century Europe on the art ofthe timeRealism and ImpressionismModern movements in art and architecture up to 1939 in Europe and AmericaThe impact of WWIIPost-war art and architecture in Europe and America 1946-20008

ASSESSMENT OUTLINEAssessment will be by 2 examination papers and a guided coursework project. Allcomponents are internally assessed and externally moderated.Paper 1(45 minutes)20% of marksTwo compulsory short answer questions based on picture sources taken from the eight topicsof the syllabus. Candidates are required to answer both questions in relation to one of thetopics.Lists of works for possible examination in paper 1 are circulated yearly to schools. The May2014 list of works is attached to this guide (Appendix 1).Paper 2(2 hours 15 minutes)48% of marksThree extended response questions to be answered. Candidates choose three from fivethematic sections and answer one question from each. Each section has a choice of twoquestions.Candidates must answer two questions on one of their chosen topics and one question on theother topic.Guided Coursework Project32% of marksThe Guided Coursework Project allows candidates to use the skills and knowledge they havebuilt up during the course to research a particular aspect of art history of their choice. Itshould take the form of a 2000-word, illustrated cross-cultural investigation which includesreferences and bibliography.N.B. The term cross-cultural is understood in a broad sense to indicate different national orinternational cultures (or subcultures within those) from specific historical eras. Thus theinvestigation could compare works across historical eras, and/or across geographical, politicalor social boundaries.9

ASSESSMENT MODELAs an integrated approach is required for the study and assessment of Art History, there issome overlap of the assessment objectives across assessment components.AssessmentobjectivesSyllabus contentMethodComponent timePaper 1Paper 2Guided coursework1*,2*1,2*,31,2,3*4*eight topics, of whichtwo chosensource-based shortanswer questions onone topic45 minuteseight topics, of whichtwo chosenthree extendedresponse questionscovering two topics2 hours 15 minutesopen48%32%Assessment20%weighting*indicates main assessment objectives2,000-word,illustrated crosscultural investigationapprox. 20 hoursASSESSMENT OBJECTIVESHaving followed the Art History course at standard level, candidates will be expected to:1. describe specific works of art, architecture and design, and analyse and discuss themthrough clear and well-constructed arguments2. demonstrate a broad knowledge and understanding of the cultural, social, political andeconomic context within which specific works of art and architecture have beenproduced, and analyse and evaluate the impact of that context3. make use of a range of art historical texts, art theory, criticism and documentarysources, as well as their own awareness of art and architecture, to develop informedcritical responses and personal o