Electric Vehicle Charging Needs Assessment

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Electric VehicleCharging NeedsAssessmentIdentifying Needs and Opportunitiesfor Electric Vehicle Fast Charging inRural and Underserved Areas of theIntermountain West2021

AcknowledgementsThe National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) acknowledges the significant contributions ofthe Utah Clean Cities Coalition, who provided guidance and information in the development of thisreport. NASEO especially appreciates the U.S. Department of Energy’s Clean Cities Program forrecognizing the importance of transportation electrification and providing support to make this reportpossible.Our special thanks go to the CORWest Advisory Committee Members for graciously sharing theirimportant expertise and perspectives throughout this project: Arizona Department of Administration;Valley of the Sun Clean Cities Coalition; Colorado Energy Office; Colorado Department of Transportation;Denver Metro Clean Cities Coalition; Northern Colorado Clean Cities Coalition; Idaho Governor’s Officeof Energy and Mineral Resources; Idaho Department of Transportation; Treasure Valley Clean CitiesCoalition; Montana Department of Environmental Quality Energy Office; Yellowstone-Teton Clean Cities;Nevada Governor’s Office of Energy; Nevada Department of Transportation; New Mexico Energy,Minerals, and Natural Resources Division; New Mexico Department of Transportation; Land ofEnchantment Clean Cities Coalition; Utah Governor’s Office of Energy Development; Utah Departmentof Transportation; Wyoming Department of Transportation.This report was authored by Cassie Powers, NASEO Managing Director of Programs.Cover Image Credits:Randy MartinEllen Jaskol, NREL, 34892Dennis Schroeder, NREL, 27458Dennis Schroeder, NREL, 398691

GlossaryAFDC Alternative Fuels Data CenterDCFC .Direct Current Fast ChargerDOT Department of TransportationESP Electric Service ProviderEV .Electric VehicleEVSE .Electric Vehicle Supply EquipmentFHWA .Federal Highway AdministrationNREL .National Renewable Energy LaboratoryMOU .Memorandum of UnderstandingREV West .Regional Electric Vehicle Plan for the WestCORWest .Corridors of the West2

Table of ContentsAcknowledgements . 1Glossary . 2Introduction and Background . 4Methodology . 4Questionnaire . 5Mapping. 5Data Request . 6Region-Wide Results . 6Local Governments . 10Parks and Tourism . 11Electric Service Providers . 12Key Findings and Opportunities. 13Conclusion . 16Appendix: State Summaries. 17Arizona . 17Colorado . 20Idaho . 23Montana . 26Nevada . 29New Mexico . 32Utah . 35Wyoming. 38Notice . 40Sponsors . 403

Introduction and BackgroundIn 2017, Governors from Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyomingsigned a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to develop a Regional Electric Vehicle Plan for the West(REV West), with the goal of supporting a seamless electric vehicle (EV) driving experience along keydriving corridors in the intermountain west. The REV West states have achieved several keyaccomplishments in support of the MOU: there are over 100 new direct-current fast-charge (DCFC)stations along regional corridors; voluntary minimum standards for DCFC stations were released andadopted by numerous intermountain states; and states have streamlined EV policy and program designprocesses by regularly meeting to exchange model policies and best practices. In 2019, all eight REVWest governors (four of whom were newly elected in 2018), signed an updated MOU to signal theirrecommitment to the agreement and broad support for transportation electrification.In support of two key activities listed in the MOU – “collaborat[ing] on funding opportunities to supportthe development of the REV West Plan,” and “educat[ing] consumers and fleet owners to raiseawareness of electric vehicles, reduce concerns related to ‘range anxiety,’ and increase electric vehicleadoption” – the REV West states partnered with Utah Clean Cities Coalition and eight additional CleanCities Coalitions in the region to pursue and obtain funding to support infrastructure build-out andawareness activities. The resulting project, “CORWest,” is a three-year initiative to support EVinfrastructure investment and educational opportunities in rural and underserved areas of theintermountain west – with an emphasis on gateway communities to national parks and otherrecreational destinations in the region.A key first step under the project is to understand barriers to EV adoption and, more specifically, DCFCstation deployment in rural and underserved areas of the intermountain west, and identify potentialpathways for addressing these barriers through the CORWest project. In support of this objective, theproject team developed a “CORWest Questionnaire” that was disseminated to select stakeholder groupsto gather feedback. Concurrently, the Alternative Fuels Data Center Station Locator and the REV WestCharging Station Map were consulted to identify infrastructure gaps along interstate and key highwaycorridors in the region, and EV registration information and additional literature were reviewed tounderstand the current state of EV adoption in the region. The following pages review the researchmethodology and key findings from the questionnaire, EV registration data collection, and mappingexercise; provide a summary of trends and typical issues being faced in the region; and offerrecommendations for ways the CORWest project partners – state agencies and Clean Cities Coalitions –may address high-priority needs and support EV deployment and DCFC investment in the region.MethodologyThe project team undertook a three-prong approach when assessing barriers to EV adoption in theintermountain west: developing a questionnaire for targeted audiences; identifying infrastructure gapsalong interstate and highway corridors in the region; and reviewing EV adoption trends by examiningregistration data.4

QuestionnaireThe project team developed a questionnaire with tailored questions for four specific audiences: localgovernments; parks and tourism agencies/organizations; electric service providers; and dealerships. Afifth “general” questionnaire was sent to additional stakeholders in the region. Each questionnaireincluded a set of universal general questions, and unique questions were included for each stakeholdergroup. The National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) worked with each participating REVWest agency and Clean Cities Coalition to develop the questionnaire and identify stakeholders in eachstate to receive the questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered from July through August, 2020.A copy of each questionnaire is included in the appendix.The project team sent the questionnaire to over 500 individuals in the intermountain west, 1 andreceived 229 responses across eight states, including: 67 from local governments; 73 from parks andtourism agencies and organizations; 29 from electric service providers; 13 from auto dealerships; and 47responses from the general questionnaire. Because the vast majority of responses to the dealershipsquestionnaire were from a single state (Arizona), an analysis of dealership responses has been excludedfrom this analysis. A summary of responses to the questionnaire is detailed in the following section.MappingThe project team reviewed EV infrastructure location data from two sources: the Alternative Fuels DataCenter Station Locator (AFDC), and the REV West DCFC Map. The AFDC is a fairly comprehensivedatabase of existing and planned alternative fuel stations nationwide. Users can sort by fuel type, andwithin the EV database can sort by level of charger (Level 1, Level 2, and each DCFC standard), search forpublic, private, or planned stations, and can zoom to see stations at the zip-code and jurisdiction level.The database is populated by Clean Cities Coordinators (funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’sClean Cities program), and the station locations can be uploaded by other users and are posted aftervetting by the U.S. Department of Energy. Users can also download station location data into a CVS orexcel file and upload the information to their own mapping locations.The REV West DCFC map was developed by the Utah Department of Transportation on behalf of the REVWest agencies to identify infrastructure gaps along key corridors in the region. The map includeslocation data for existing and planned DCFC stations, as well as a visualization of 50-mile buffers aroundeach station to illustrate the extent to which key corridors in the region are compliant with the FederalHighway Administrations Alternative Fuels Corridors program. 2 Finally, additional data layers allow theuser to overlay other information that may be helpful when identifying potential partners in DCFCdeployment, such as rest areas, national and state parks, and electric retail service territories.The project team directly sent the questionnaire to approximately 500 stakeholders in the region; however,several stakeholders shared the questionnaire within their networks. Because of this, the exact number of peoplewho received a copy of the questionnaire is unknown.2The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Alternative Fuels Corridors Program designates national EV charging andhydrogen, propane, and natural gas fueling corridors in strategic locations along major highways to improve themobility of alternative fuel vehicles. Additional information may be found ive fuel corridors/15

Data RequestElectric vehicle registration data for each intermountain state was obtained from the NationalRenewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). NREL receives EV registration data from Polk Automotive on anannual basis, and Clean Cities Coalitions can submit data requests as needed. The project team workedwith NREL to obtain light-duty EV registration data by make and model for