The Crown Court Compendium - Part I: Legal Summaries .

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The Crown Court Compendium .Part I: Legal Summaries, Directionsand ExamplesMay 2016Maddison – Ormerod – Tonking – Wait

Crown Court Compendium Part IContents1.INTRODUCTION. 1-11-1 Style and abbreviations . 1-11-2 Foreword . 1-21-3 The purpose and structure of the Compendium . 1-41-4 Timing of directions of law . 1-61-5 Written directions and Routes to Verdict . 1-71-6 Acknowledgements . 1-102.JURY MANAGEMENT . 2-12-1 Empanelling the jury . 2-12-2 Challenge and stand down of a juror . 2-92-3 Alternate jurors . 2-112-4 Discharging a juror or jury . 2-132-5 Conducting a view . 2-173.TRIAL MANAGEMENT . 3-13-1 Opening remarks to the jury . 3-13-2 Defendant unfit to plead and/or stand trial. 3-53-3 Trial in the absence of the defendant . 3-83-4 Trial of one defendant in the absence of another/others . 3-113-5 Defendant in person . 3-133-6 Special measures . 3-173-7 Intermediaries. 3-213-8 Anonymous witnesses. 3-243-9 Interpreters . 3-264.FUNCTIONS OF JUDGE AND JURY . 4-15.BURDEN AND STANDARD OF PROOF . 5-16.THE INDICTMENT. 6-16-1 Separate consideration of counts and/or defendants . 6-16-2 Multiple incident and specimen counts . 6-36-3 Alternative Verdicts. 6-96-4 Agreement on the factual basis of the verdict. 6-127.CRIMINAL LIABILITY. 7-17-1 Child defendants. 7-17-2 Joint participation in an offence . 7-3Judicial Collegei

Crown Court Compendium Part I7-3 Joint principals. 7-47-4 Accessory/secondary liability. 7-67-5 The abolition of parasitic accessory/joint enterprise . 7-177-6 Withdrawal from joint criminal activity. 7-187-7 Conspiracy . 7-227-8 Criminal attempts. 7-267-9 Causation . 7-288.STATES OF MIND . 8-18-1 Intention. 8-18-2 Recklessness . 8-68-3 Malice . 8-88-4 Wilfulness . 8-108-5 Knowledge, belief and suspicion . 8-128-6 Dishonesty. 8-178-7 Mistake . 8-209.INTOXICATION. 9-110.EVIDENCE – GENERAL . 10-110-1 Circumstantial evidence . 10-110-2 Corroboration and the special need for caution . 10-410-3 Expert evidence. 10-910-4 Delay . 10-1310-5 Evidence of children and vulnerable witnesses . 10-1711.GOOD CHARACTER OF A DEFENDANT . 11-112.BAD CHARACTER. 12-112-1 General Introduction . 12-112-2 Directions applicable to all CJA s.101(1) “gateways”. 12-312-3 S.101(1)(a) – Agreed evidence. 12-412-4 S.101(1)(b) – Evidence of bad character adduced by the defendant. 12-612-5 S.101(1)(c) - Important explanatory evidence. 12-812-6 S.101(1)(d) – Relevant to an important matter in issue between the defendantand the prosecution . 12-1012-7 S.101(1)(e) – Substantial probative value in relation to an important matter inissue between the defendant [D1] and a co-defendant [D2] . 12-1512-8 S.101(1)(f) - Evidence to correct a false impression given by the defendantabout himself . 12-1912-9 S.101(1)(g) - Defendant’s attack on another person’s character . 12-21Judicial Collegeii

Crown Court Compendium Part I12-10 S.100 – Non-defendant’s bad character . 12-2313.CROSS ADMISSIBILITY . 13-114.HEARSAY . 14-114-1 Hearsay - general . 14-114-2 Hearsay - Witness absent - s.116. 14-314-3 Hearsay - Business documents – s. 117 . 14-614-4 Hearsay - Introduced by agreement - s.114(1)(c). 14-814-5 Hearsay – Interests of justice – s.114(1)(d) . 14-1014-6 Hearsay – Previous inconsistent statement - s.119. 14-1114-7 Hearsay – Previous inconsistent statement of hostile witness - s.119. 14-1314-8 Hearsay - Statement to refresh memory - ss.139 and 120(3). 14-1514-9 Hearsay – Statement to rebut an allegation of recent fabrication - s.120(2) 141714-10 Hearsay – Statement as evidence of person, object or place - s.120 (4) and(5) . 14-1914-11 Hearsay – Statement of matters now forgotten - s.120 (4) and (6). 14-2114-12 Hearsay - Statement of complaint - s.120 (4), (7) and (8) . 14-2314-13 Hearsay – Res Gestae – Spontaneous Exclamation - s.118(1) and (4)14-2614-14 Hearsay – Statements in furtherance of a common enterprise - s.118(1) and(7) . 14-2814-15 Hearsay – Out of court statements made by one defendant (D1) for oragainst another (D2) . 14-3214-16 Hearsay – Multiple hearsay - s.121 . 14-3715.IDENTIFICATION . 15-115-1Visual identification by a witness/witnesses. 15-115-2 Identification from visual images: comparison by the jury. 15-615-3 Identification from visual images by a witness who knows D and so is able torecognise him . 15-1115-4 Identification from visual images by a witness who has special knowledge 151415-5 Identification by facial mapping. 15-1815-6 Finger prints and other impressions . 15-22A. Fingerprints . 15-22B. Footwear impressions . 15-25C. Ear impressions . 15-2715-7 Identification by voice . 15-2915-8 Identification by DNA . 15-34Judicial Collegeiii

Crown Court Compendium Part I16.DEFENDANT – THINGS SAID. 16-116-1 Confessions. 16-116-2 Lies. 16-717.DEFENDANT – THINGS NOT SAID OR DONE . 17-117-1 Matters not mentioned when questioned or charged. 17-117-2 No account given for objects, substances or marks CJPOA s.36 or presenceat a particular place CJPOA s.37. 17-1017-3 Refusal to provide intimate samples. 17-1417-4 Failure to make proper disclosure of the defence case . 17-1617-5 Defendant’s silence at trial . 17-2118.DEFENCES - GENERAL. 18-118-1 Self-defence/prevention of crime/protection of household. 18-118-2 Alibi. 18-818-3 Duress . 18-1018-4 Sane Automatism . 18-1518-5 M’Naghten insanity including insane automatism . 18-1819.DEFENCES - MURDER . 19-119-1 Diminished responsibility - abnormality of mental functioning . 19-119-2 Loss of control . 19-720.SEXUAL OFFENCES. 20-120-1 Sexual offences – The dangers of assumptions . 20-120-2 Sexual offences – Historical allegations . 20-1120-3 Sexual offences – grooming of children. 20-1320-4 Sexual offences – consent and reasonable belief in consent . 20-1520-5 Sexual offences - capacity and voluntary intoxication . 20-2021.VERDICTS AND DELIBERATIONS . 21-121-1 Unanimous verdicts and deliberations. 21-121-2 Adjournments during delibe