CROP GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (AND IMPROVEMENT

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HORT/CROP SCI 202SPRING 2016CROP GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT (AND IMPROVEMENT)Goals:Students will be provided with knowledge on basic scientific principles of crop growth anddevelopment, including external abiotic (light, temperature, water, and nutrients) influences and theirinteraction with internal influences (genes, proteins, and hormones) from the cellular to the wholeplant level. Consideration of how the application of such scientific knowledge has and can lead to cropimprovement for efficient and sustainable crop production will be emphasized. Skills in quantitativereasoning, scientific teamwork, and research communication (written, visual, and oral) will beintroduced and fostered. Students will be exposed to different WSU programs to learn more aboutcrop improvement through plant breeding. Students will gain an appreciation of and access toknowledge sources for crop growth and development principles and practice – literature and otherwritten sources, WSU faculty and other experts, and other WSU courses. Please thoroughly readthis course syllabus and maintain a copy on your laptop or in your notebook to refer to asneeded.Instructors: (Office hours for all: by appointment)Dr. Desmond R. Layne, 137 B Johnson Hall, 335-6647, [email protected] Assistant (Pullman Lab): James Crabb, [email protected] Assistant (Pullman Lab): Ashley Powell, [email protected] Assistant (Tri-Cities Lab): Robb Zimmel, [email protected] Meeting Times:Lecture:Pullman - MWF 9:10–10:00 am, FSHN T101Tri-Cities – MWF 9:10-10:00 am, Wine Science Center #202Lab: Pullman – Tue 9:10–11:50 am or 1:25–4:05 pm, Vogel Plant Sciences Bldg. 35Tri-Cities – Mon 1:10–4:00 pm T East 142Blackboard: You can access the course by logging into https://learn.wsu.edu and then finding thecourse ID in the list in the My Courses module. The AMS video conference course id is:2016-spri-PULLM-HORT-202-4963-LEC. The video lecture recordings will be available under theClass Recordings link on the course menu.Prerequisites: HORT/CROP SCI 102Required text bookHartmann’s Plant Science: Growth, Development, and Utilization of Cultivated Plantsby M. McMahon, A. Kofranek, and V. Rubatsky, Pearson Prentice Hall. Fifth edition.This is the same text as for HORT/CROP SCI 102, and is the main source of course content. You areexpected to read appropriate pages prior to each lecture block and class.Expected student learning outcomes:Through engagement in class, lab activities, group projects, and field trips, students will: Apply basic scientific principles of how plants grow and develop to understanding crop qualityand yield. Evaluate how scientific knowledge enables improved crop production. Investigate areas of interest in crop growth and development for crop improvement, integratingknowledge sources and demonstrating skills in quantitative reasoning, researchcommunication, and teamwork.

LECTURE SCHEDULEWeek Date1Jan234Feb56Lecture block11 M13 W15 F18 M20 W22 F25 M27 W29 F01 M03 W05 F08 M10 W12 F15 M17 W78Mar9101119 F22 M24 W26 F29 M02 W04 F07 M09 W11 F14-1821 M23 W25 F28 MApr12131415Mayexam week30 W01 F04 M06 W08 F11 M13 W15 F18 M20 W22 F25 M27 W29 F04 WedCrop Improvement - IntroductionCrop Improvement - IntroductionCrop Improvement - IntroductionUniversity Holiday (Martin Luther King Jr. Day)Crop Improvement - IntroductionCrop Improvement - IntroductionPatterns of Plant Growth & DevelopmentPatterns of Plant Growth & DevelopmentPatterns of Plant Growth & DevelopmentPatterns of Plant Growth & DevelopmentPatterns of Plant Growth & DevelopmentPatterns of Plant Growth & DevelopmentPlant Structure & FunctionPlant Structure & FunctionPlant Structure & FunctionUniversity Holiday (President’s Day)Block IBlock IIBlock IIIFirst Mid-Term Exam (50 min.)Plant Structure & FunctionPlant Structure & FunctionPlant Structure & FunctionPlant Structure & FunctionExternal InfluencesExternal InfluencesExternal InfluencesExternal InfluencesExternal InfluencesExternal InfluencesSpring BreakExternal InfluencesExternal InfluencesExternal InfluencesBlock IVSecond Mid-Term Exam (50 min.)External InfluencesCrop PropagationCrop PropagationCrop PropagationBlock VCrop PropagationCrop Improvement - AdvancedCrop Improvement - AdvancedCrop Improvement - AdvancedCrop Improvement – Advanced – Guest lecture (A. Carter)Block VICrop Improvement – Advanced – Guest lecture (K. Evans)Crop Improvement - AdvancedCrop Improvement - Advanced – Team Project poster presentationsCrop Improvement - Advanced – Team Project poster presentationsCrop Improvement – Advanced – Team Project poster presentationsFinal Exam (3 hours, 7–10 am)

TextbookLecture topicschapterLecture blockICrop Improvement –IntroductionPatterns of Plant Growth &Development1, (10)IIIPlant Structure & FunctionIVExternal Influences(9), 8, 6,11, 12,(13), (7)(7), 14, 15VCrop PropagationVICrop Improvement AdvancedII7910, (9)Course outline and assessment, crop domestication,production trends, why improve crops?Growth patterns, phase changes, annuals, biennials,perennials, harvest index, flower, fruit, and seed growthand development patternsPlant chemicals, cell components, permanent tissues,meristems, seeds, roots, stems, buds, leaves, flowers,fruit, photosynthesis, respiration, plant hormonesPerception of external stimuli - light, temperature, water,nutrients, biotic factorsMitosis, meiosis, inheritance, pollination, fertilization, seedpropagation, vegetative propagationGenetic diversity, breeding, Integration of cultural practicesand genetic techniques for crop improvement, studentTeam Project poster presentationsLABORATORY SCHEDULEDates below are for Pullman (Tuesday’s). Tri-Cities class meets on Monday afternoons.[Note: Activities/field trips in Tri-Cities that differ from those noted below will be communicated by TA]No.Date1JanLaboratory topicTeam Project12Introduction, greenhouse visitReview posters; discuss team projectsHand out project interest worksheet whichis Due in lecture period on 1/15219Library Orientation; mutant cornexperiment startAssemble into teamsDue: project interest worksheet326Seed germination experiment startsStart seeds. Due: List of materials02Project Design ReviewDue: Team member task list and scientificreference list509Seed germination discussion616Plant hormones723Vegetative propagation01Tree Fruit DNA Testing08Wheat Breeding Greenhouse Tour15Spring Break (no lab)1022Mutant sweet corn GA lab results1129Data presentation methods discussion05Tukey Orchard TourDue: Results (graphs/tables/images) draft1312Organic Farm TourDue: Discussion & Conclusions and overallposter layout draft1419Merry Cellars TourDue: Final posters, teamwork evaluation1526Team Project PresentationFinal greenhouse clean up48FebMar912AprDue: Introduction, Materials & Methodsdraft for posterWork on group projects

TEAM RESEARCH PROJECTSYou will work in teams of 4-5 persons to research, implement, analyze, document, and communicate yourinformation on a research project related to crop growth and development. Besides taking theory from theclassroom and applying it to your hands-on team project, you will also hone critical thinking, teamwork, andcommunication skills. This will be useful for future courses, possible internships, and even jobs. It might evenspark an interest in you for advanced research training in graduate school to become a scientist.Your experiments will be conducted in the course assigned greenhouses under your own direction. The PullmanHorticulture greenhouses are located between Ferdinands’s ice cream shop and the football indoor practicefield. The doors are generally unlocked and you can access your plants between 7 am – 4 pm during MondayFriday. For after hours access, please contact the lab TA. Past years’ team projects, ideas, and guidelines willbe provided during the early lab sessions of the semester. You will work in a team on one crop of your choiceranging from wheat, turfgrass, radish, tomato or apple. You will grow your crops from seeds. Your project willutilize two genetically distinct cultivars so that cultivar differences can be compared. We will help you to decideon the experimental treatments that you will impose to compare their influences on your crop’s growth anddevelopment. Ideally, experimental treatments that are chosen should result in different plant growth responsesover the course of the experiment.Your project team will be responsible for routine greenhouse tasks such as plant care (e.g., watering, fertilizing,staking, transplanting, overall maintenance), applying experimental treatments, taking growth measurements,analyzing data and preparing a final research poster to present to the class. Consider the TA’s as mentors whowill advise you so that you can successfully conduct your research and present it professionally. However, thisis your project and your responsibility to complete it as a team.We will provide you with a standard poster presentation template that you can populate it with content as notedbelow to get feedback from us prior to submitting your final project.The 190 points assigned for the research project will be distributed as follows:5 – Project interest worksheet (turn in during lecture)--- due 15 Jan5 – List of materials for project--- due 26 Jan10 – Team member task list and scientific reference list--- due 2 Feb10 – Introduction and Materials & Methods drafts--- due 16 Feb10 – Results (graphs/tables/images) draft--- due 5 Apr10 – Discussion & Conclusion and overall poster layout draft--- due 12 Apr80 – Final poster--- due 19 Apr10 – Teamwork evaluation based on task list--- due 19 Apr50 – Presentation of final poster to class--- week of 25-29 AprNote: Instructor/TA’s reserve the right to adjust individual grades for team projects based on actual participation.

ASSESSMENT700 pts total425 pts Lecture275 pts Lab– Two mid-term exams, writing assignments, final exam– Team Projects, participation in other lab activities and write-upsLecture (425 pts total):100 pts Writing assignments (four, 25 pts. each)100 pts First Mid-term exam100 pts Second Mid-term exam100 pts Final exam25 pts AttendanceLab (275 pts total):190 pts Team Research Project60 pts Lab Assignments and field trip write-ups25 pts AttendanceGrading scale100 - 93% A92 - 90% A89 - 87% B 86 - 83% B82 - 80% B79 - 77% C 76 - 73% C72 - 70% C69 - 66% D 65 - 60% D 59% FExams cannot be made up if missed. The three exams have equal weight. Each in-class exam willbe “closed book” and cover approximately 1/3 of the total course content. You will not have access toany electronic devices, notes, etc. while taking the exams. No final exam exemptions will be made.The first mid-term exam will include any information covered in lecture, lab, textbook or otheractivities during Jan. 11 – Feb. 16; the second mid-term exam will include any information covered inlecture, lab, textbook or other activities during Feb. 19 – March 25. The final exam will include anymaterial covered in the lecture, lab, textbook or other activities during March 29 – April 29. Examanswer keys will be posted on Blackboard after exams have been graded. You should review theanswer key to determine how points were assigned based on your answers. If you have anyquestions about your exam grade, you must first review the exam answer key to see what wasexpected. If questions remain, please contact the TA or instructor for review.Writing Assignments – These will be communicated throughout the semester with a specifieddeadline noted and a grading rubric to guide your preparation.“Extra Credit” - At the discretion of the instructor, there may be one or more opportunities to earnextra credit during the semester. These will be communicated to the entire class with clearinstructions and deadlines.Lecture Expectations – Before coming to class you are strongly recommended to (1) read theindicated textbook material (2) read/view the PowerPoint slides provided on Blackboard, and reviewany additional material that you are directed to by the instructor. Failure to attend any given lecturemay put you at a disadvantage when exams are given because there may be occasional tips given tothe class about how to study, what a good question might be, etc. As noted elsewhere in thesyllabus, the lectures are recorded, so that you can review a missed lecture should that be necessary.Classroom Etiquette - Be respectful of your instructor, speakers, and fellow classmates byrefraining from text messaging, Facebook, online social media, newspapers, games, etc. duringclass time. Such activities are a distraction to those around you, and have no place in a lecture

classroom. Please silence and put away your cell phone during class. For note taking purposes inclass, you are free to use whatever method you prefer (laptop, tablet, pen/paper, etc.).Lab Expectations – There will be a lab preview available on Blackboard each week that you shouldreview prior to coming to lab. Any additional pertinent lab information will be posted on Blackboardso please check this regularly. For an excused absence to the lab, see TA in advance only for analternative option for graded lab assignment or write-up.Attendance – Attendance in lecture and lab sessions is expected, will often be recorded, and it willrepresent part of your final class grade. Absences because of illness, personal and/or family crises,mandated court appearances, or similar reasons will be accommodated as long as such absences arenot excessive and notification is provided to the instructor or TA in advance. Excused absencesshould be arranged prior to any known or planned event. Required University activities will beexcused absences if an official Class Absence Request form signed by the sponsoringfaculty/organization is given to the Instructor (if for lecture) or TA (if for lab) before the event.Online Information - BlackboardThe online course page can be accessed via Blackboard at learn.wsu.edu. Please check this sitef