Nelson Denny Study Guide - Austin, Texas

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Nelson Denny Study GuideNelson Denny Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary TestThis examination is broken down into two sections. The first section covers the vocabularyportion of the examination. The second section covers the Reading Comprehension portion ofthe examination. The two sections of the test are timed.In this study guide you will find a word list consisting of 300 words you should be familiar withbefore taking the examination. The word list is also accompanied by two sample questions similarto what you will be expected to answer during the examination.You will also find two similar examples of the type of reading comprehension passages andquestions you will be expected to answer during the Reading Comprehension section of theexamination.Prior to the beginning of the test, a proctor will give concise instructions regarding theexamination. A passing score of 102 is required to proceed in the hiring process.

Vocabulary Sample Questions1. Indispensable means:A. uncomfortableB. costlyC. durableD. essentialE. AvowBelligerentBenevolentBequestBeratedBlatant2. If something atrophies, it:A. saves upB. wastes awayC. winsD. developsE. rishGlibGnomeGrantedGraspGratuitous

irulentVividVoidVulgarWaftWhetWreakZealous

Comprehension Sample QuestionPassage OneGovernments cost money – huge sums of money. Our federal government alone spends close to 250 billion each year. State and local governments spend many more billions. About 35 cents out of eachdollar earned by all American workers and business firms goes as taxes to help pay costs of governments.From these figures you may get some idea of the enormous costs of the services and programs that ourgovernments provide.What is this money spent for? In the early 1970’s the federal government spent from 75 billionto 80 billion each year for national defense. Space research and technology took another 3 billion to 4billion. Veteran’s benefits cost 8 to 12 billion. Interest on the national debt was over 20 billion peryear. In addition, many billions of dollars were required for the federal government to help our statesconstruct highways, housing, and community redevelopment projects. Federal aid to education andmanpower training averaged over 10 billion annually.The huge costs of governments are of concern to every citizen. Americans have to pay the costsof government. We pay them without taxes. We have a responsibility as concerned citizens to make surethat our governments spend our money wisely and spend it for worthwhile purposes.1. Which of the following federal programs was not mentioned?a. Retirementb. Researchc. Redevelopmentd. Educatione. Housing2. State and local governments were said to spend .a. 20 billionb. 3 billion to 4 billionc. 250 billiond. 35 billione. an amount not given3. The best title for this passage would bea. Runaway Spendingb. Government Spendingc. Federal Wastefulnessd. The National Debte. Federal Taxes4. The Federal government apparently does not help the states in the area of .a. Educationb. Manpower trainingc. Housingd. Public safetye. Redevelopment

Passage TwoEconomics is a study of the process by which we make and spend our incomes. It is also definedas a study of how man satisfies his wants and needs for economic goods and services. Even morespecifically, economics is a study the process by which man attempts to get the most satisfaction possiblewhen he cannot buy all of the goods and services that he would like. The inability of man to buy all of thegoods and services that he would like is often referred to as the economic fact of scarcity. Economics,then, is concerned with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.Economic activity at a given time includes everything that is being done to satisfy man’s wantsand needs through production, distribution, and consumption. Management, labor, and government allcontribute to economic activity through which man’s wants and needs are satisfied. The end resultssought through economic activity are: (1) the creating of economic goods and services for man’s use; and(2) the providing of opportunities for man to earn a reasonable income so he can acquire and consumethe goods and services he wants and needs.5. Economics was definitely said to involve .a. Making a livingb. Satisfying our needsc. Paying taxesd. Planning a budgete. Making investments6. The passage mentions .a. Scarcityb. Surplusc. Depressiond. Inflatione. Taxes7. The purpose of this passage is .a. To arouse interestb. To entertainc. To criticized. To make cleare. To warn8. Chief emphasis is on the .a. Howb. Wherec. Whend. Whate. WhyVocabulary Answer: 1. D, 2. BReading Comprehension Answer: 1. A, 2. E, 3. B, 4. D, 5. B, 6. A, 7. D, 8. A